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Oconee Bells Shortia galacifolia

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
SHORE-tee-uh guh-lay-sih-FOE-lee-uh
Description

Oconee Bells is a rare wildflower in the Lindley family that is found in the Appalachian mountains of GA, NC and SC. It is found growing in shady conditions along stream banks, often where a disturbance has occurred. It spreads by short runners to cover and area and may have a toxic effect on surrounding vegetation. Single 1 inch white to pinkish blooms occurs in early spring.

In cultivation, this plant is used as a ground cover in the shade garden or a woodland setting. It may be slow to get established. It prefers partial shade and sandy or clay loams rich in humus.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#partial shade#perennial#pink flowers#shade tolerant#spring interest#wildflower garden#food source summer#food source nectar#food source soft mast fruit#FACU Piedmont Mountains
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#partial shade#perennial#pink flowers#shade tolerant#spring interest#wildflower garden#food source summer#food source nectar#food source soft mast fruit#FACU Piedmont Mountains
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Shortia
    Species:
    galacifolia
    Family:
    Diapensiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Distribution:
    GA, NC, SC, TN, VA
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    Displays from July to August.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    1 in. white to pinkish flowers on 3 to 6 in. stalk; five irregularly toothed petals. Blooms March-April.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Leaf Shape:
    Orbicular
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    .75 to 2.5 in. oval to roundish shiny leaves with wavy teeth; long-stalked, heart-shaped base. Turn bronze in fall.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Shade Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Pollinators
    Songbirds