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American Swamp Lily Saururus cernuus

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
saw-roo-rus SER-new-us
Description

The common name Lizard's Tail comes from the appearance of the flowers and later the fruit. This plant occurs in swamps and shallow water and can be planted on the pond's edges or in the water (in containers). Plant in 2 to 5-gallon containers. This plant will form large colonies over time and can be propagated by seed or root division. The flowers, leaves and roots of this plant have a sassafrass or citrus aroma.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Major insect pests or disease issues do not really occur with this plant.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#sun#deciduous#full sun#partial shade#rain garden#fragrant flowers#heavy shade#white flowers#shade flower#riparian#fall interest#water plant#wet sites#stream banks#pond margins#NC native#deer resistant#swamps#pond#shade#bogs#white flower#rhizomatous#naturalizes#native wildflower#marshes#native#fall#tub#citrus fragrance#pond edge
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#sun#deciduous#full sun#partial shade#rain garden#fragrant flowers#heavy shade#white flowers#shade flower#riparian#fall interest#water plant#wet sites#stream banks#pond margins#NC native#deer resistant#swamps#pond#shade#bogs#white flower#rhizomatous#naturalizes#native wildflower#marshes#native#fall#tub#citrus fragrance#pond edge
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Saururus
    Species:
    cernuus
    Family:
    Saururaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North American (eastern)
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Water Plant
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Occasional Flooding
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    Green and looks like a wart.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Long, narrow racemes opposite a leaf of nodding 4-6" (they can get as long as 12") spikes. These flowers' tips droop. The white flowers are on the small side, but they are fragrant and a bit showy.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Deltoid
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    3-6" bright green, lance-shaped to triangular with heart-shaped base. Palmately veined.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Zig Zags
    Stem Description:
    Erect, zig-zag stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Landscape Theme:
    Rain Garden
    Shade Garden
    Water Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Diseases
    Heavy Shade
    Insect Pests
    Wet Soil