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Red Puccoon Sanguinaria canadensis

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
san-gwin-AR-ee-uh ka-na-DEN-sis
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Bright orange-red sap in the thick rootstock; found in moist, nutrient rich forests or natural areas in rich woods; landscape in flower gardens as an herbaceous perennial.

Perennial wildflower from a rhizome (underground, horizontal stem) with blood-red juice, leaf single, rounded in outline but with shallowly and palmately lobed margin, flower solitary, white with 6-18 petals, fruit an elongated capsule with a seed. There is a cultivar, 'Multiplex', that is double-flowered and does not produce a seed. This plant makes for good seasonal groundcover.

Found in forests or natural areas in rich woods, landscape in flower garden as a herbaceous perennial. Ants are known to eat and disperse the seeds of this plant.

Zones 3-8

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.

See this plant in the following landscapes:
Shaded Slope
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white#poisonous#partial shade#perennial#shade tolerant#bumblebees#NC native#summer flowers#dye plant#spring interest#native wildflower#wildflower garden#food source pollen#piedmont mountains UPL#coastal UPL#bird friendly#food source soft mast fruit#flies#red dye plant#HS302#beetles#ants#audubon
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#white#poisonous#partial shade#perennial#shade tolerant#bumblebees#NC native#summer flowers#dye plant#spring interest#native wildflower#wildflower garden#food source pollen#piedmont mountains UPL#coastal UPL#bird friendly#food source soft mast fruit#flies#red dye plant#HS302#beetles#ants#audubon
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Sanguinaria
    Species:
    canadensis
    Family:
    Papaveraceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Red sap was used for dye for baskets, clothing, and war paint, as as an insect repellent.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    USA, North Carolina
    Play Value:
    Shade
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Fruit Description:
    Fruits are green pods with brown seeds that become available April-May.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    1.5-2" bright white flowers, 8 to 12 petals. Two sepals fall away as flower opens. Flowers bloom March-April.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Shape:
    Palmasect
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    6", five to nine lobed leaf with blunt teeth, persists until mid-summer
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    Nausea, vomiting, faintness, dizziness, dilated pupils, fainting, diarrhea, heart failure
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Isoquinoline alkaloids
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Roots