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Quercus velutina is often confused with:
Quercus rubra Quercus rubra
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Quercus phellos Quercus phellos
Quercus alba Quercus alba
Ulmus americana Ulmus americana

Black Oak Quercus velutina

Other plants called Black Oak:

Phonetic Spelling
KWER-kus vel-oo-TEE-nuh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Black oak is a large deciduous native tree with large, spreading branches forming an open crown that is often quite irregular. It's native preferred sites are dry upland slopes or sandy lowlands. Black Oak tolerates dry sandy to rich moist soils and is drought tolerant. Plant in a sunny location to promote a good form. A deep tap root makes it difficult to transplant.

This tree is highly susceptible to oak wilt.

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#sun#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#bark#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#native tree#host plant#fall interest#street tree#black walnut#showy fruits#low flammability#acorns#fire resistant#oak tree
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#sun#deciduous#fall color#shade tree#bark#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#native tree#host plant#fall interest#street tree#black walnut#showy fruits#low flammability#acorns#fire resistant#oak tree
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Quercus
    Species:
    velutina
    Family:
    Fagaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The inner bark was used heavily in the leather tanning industry and it also produced an important yellow dye. Native Americans used black oak to treat a wide variety of ailments including indigestion, chills, fevers, respiratory problems, sore eyes, and more. It was also used as an antiseptic and an emetic (to induce vomiting).
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern United States, southeastern Canada
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV Canada: ON
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It is a host plant for the Banded Hairstreak, Edward's Hairstreak, Gray Hairstreak, White-M Hairstreak, Horace's Dustywing, and Juvenal's Duskywing butterflies.  The acorns are eaten by woodpeckers, blue jays, small mammals, wild turkeys, white-tailed deer, and black bears.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Resistant to fire and moderately resistant to damage from deer.
    Edibility:
    Acorns are edible after the tannin has been leached or boiled out.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 50 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 50 ft. 0 in. - 60 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The oval to round acorns are 1/2- 3/4 inch long and take 2 years to mature. The cup covers 1/2 of the nut and has scales.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Male flowers are greenish-yellow catkins
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Velvety
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are 3-9" long and 2½-6" across and divide into 5-7 major lobes and some smaller secondary lobes. The lobes are pointed and they have short bristles at their tips. The upper leaf surface is dark green and glossy and the under surface is pale to medium green and dull. A few reddish-brown hairs are present near the forks of major veins. Fall color is yellow, yellow-brown to red.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Black
    Dark Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Bark Plate Shape:
    Rectangle
    Bark Description:
    The bark is blackish gray or brownish-gray and is shallow to moderately furrowed, rough-textured, and divides into irregular rectangular plates. The inner bark is yellow-orange.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Buds:
    Hairy
    Stem Bud Terminal:
    Cluster of terminal buds
    Stem Lenticels:
    Conspicuous
    Stem Description:
    Branch bark is more gray and smooth, while the stout twigs are gray to brown with white lenticels.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut
    Deer
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Fire
    Poor Soil
  • Poison:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Stomach pain, constipation and later bloody diarrhea, excessive thirst and urination if young leaves or raw acorns eaten.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Gallotannins, quercitrin, and quercitin.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Leaves