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Cork Oak Quercus suber

Description

Cork Oak is a large broadleaf evergreen shade tree native to western Africa and southwestern Europe.  It is low maintenance and drought tolerant.   The spongy bark of mature trees is used to make corks. 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#large shade tree#drought tolerant#interesting bark#winter interest#leathery leaves#evergreen tree#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#large shade tree#drought tolerant#interesting bark#winter interest#leathery leaves#evergreen tree#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Quercus
    Species:
    suber
    Family:
    Fagaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Bark is used to make corks and is harvested from at least 30 year old trees every 9-11 years.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, Africa
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 70 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 40 ft. 0 in. - 70 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Narrow oval acorns 1 1/4" long.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    2"-3" long male catkins and 1 1/4" long female stalks.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Leathery wavy toothed simple leaves dark green above and gray and hairy below.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Fissured
    Furrowed
    Spongy
    Bark Description:
    Rough deeply fissured reddish brown and can get up to 12" thick.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Problems:
    Problem for Horses