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Chickasaw Plum Prunus angustifolia

Phonetic Spelling
PROO-nus an-gus-tee-FOH-lee-uh
Description

Chickasaw Plum is usually a shrub that may grow 15 feet tall. The leaves are alternate with a finely toothed margin. The bark is smooth and red with numerous elongated light lenticels. As the tree ages, the bark becomes scaly and shallowly furrowed. In early spring, small, 5-petaled, white flowers mature in clumps. The small tree produces a 1/2-inch, yellow to red drupe that matures in summer.

Native Americans regularly consumed the fruit fresh or dried it for winter.

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Seasons of Interest: 

Leaf:                  Blooms:   Early spring          Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Summer

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  Plum curculio and brown rot can affect the fruit of the Chickasaw plum. Other potential disease problems include leaf spot, canker and black knot. Other potential insect problems include aphids, scale, borers and tent caterpillars.

Site: The Chickasaw plum grows best in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It is important to promptly remove root suckers to prevent any unwanted spread. This plant is adaptable to wide range of growing conditions and soils.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#deciduous#full sun#wildlife plant#showy#native tree#moths#cover plant#host plant#host#food source#low flammability#NC native#native garden#fire resistant#edible fruits#pollinator plant#edible garden#food source summer#cover#fruits#bird friendly#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#deciduous#full sun#wildlife plant#showy#native tree#moths#cover plant#host plant#host#food source#low flammability#NC native#native garden#fire resistant#edible fruits#pollinator plant#edible garden#food source summer#cover#fruits#bird friendly#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Prunus
    Species:
    angustifolia
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Thickets provide good cover for songbirds and small mammals year round. Host plant for Coral Hairstreak, Eastern Tiger Swallowtail, Red-spotted Purple, Spring Azure, and Viceroy butterflies. Adult butterflies nectar from the spring flowers. Fruits are eaten by songbirds, wild turkeys, quail, white-tailed deer, and small mammals.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscape.
    Edibility:
    Native Americans regularly consumed the fruit fresh or dried it for winter. Its fruits are also eaten by songbirds, wild turkey, quail, white-tailed deer, and small mammals. Although the plums may be eaten raw, they are somewhat tart and acidic, and are perhaps best used in preserves and jellies.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 4 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 4 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Dense
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Nut
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Blooms in early spring.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves of the Chickasaw plum are toothed, narrow, oval-lanceolate, and bright green (1-3" long). The branches and twigs are an attractive reddish-brown and sometimes have thorny lateral branchlets.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    The branches and twigs are an attractive reddish-brown and sometimes have thorny lateral branchlets.
  • Landscape:
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Fire