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Yellow Milkwort Polygala lutea

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Pylostachya lutea
Phonetic Spelling
pol-ee-GAH-luh LOO-tee-uh
Description

This variety of the wildflower milkwort is commonly found growing in wet sandy soil and bogs as well as moist pine or hardwood forests and roadside ditches.  It is native to the coastal plains, Long Island south to Florida and west to Louisiana. 

When dried, the flowers turn yellow.  Differing from other varieties of milkwort, this plant has brilliant orange flowers.  

In North Carolina, it is commonly found along the coast, rare in the Piedmont.

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#yellow#partial shade#summer#orange#biennial#herbs#wildflowers#fall interest#native garden#spring interest#herbaceous annual
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#yellow#partial shade#summer#orange#biennial#herbs#wildflowers#fall interest#native garden#spring interest#herbaceous annual
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Polygala
    Species:
    lutea
    Family:
    Polygalaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Biennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    New York and Alabama
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Orange
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Compact, head-like clusters. 3 small sepals, frequently one of these slightly larger than the others. 2 larger petalois sepals.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblanceolate
    Oblong
    Spatulate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    .75 - 1.5" leaves, erect to ascending stems. The leaves are almost succulent to the touch.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    4-6" stems. May be branched in the upper half.