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Podophyllum peltatum is often confused with:
Medeola virginiana Madeola virginiana
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Trillium luteum Flowers with mottled bracts
Trillium grandiflorum Flowers
Trillium erectum Flowers

Indian Apple Podophyllum peltatum

Phonetic Spelling
poh-doh-FY-lum pel-TAY-tum
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

A perennial herb with its stem unbranched.  It can be found in forests or natural areas in rich woods and fields, pastures.  It often grows in colonies.  The plant is dormant in the summer months, the foliage disappears.   Each plant will have 1-2 large, rounded, umbrella-like, deeply divided lobed leaves that are attached to the stalk near the middle of the leaf.  

Each plants 1" solitary white flower. which is 6-9 parted, is seen as nodding and hangs in axil between the plants 2 leaves.  The sepals are shed as the flower opens, revealing 6 -9 waxy petals and 12 to 18 stamens with bright yellow anthers.  Plants having only one umbrella-like leaf will not flower.

The fruit is apple-like, yellow when ripe and about the size of a small lemon.  However, unripened fruit, leaves, and rhizomes are highly toxic if ingested and can cause severe contact dermatitis.  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Shaded Slope
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#poisonous#drought tolerant#edible plant#perennials#white flowers#shade garden#showy fruits#NC native#edible fruits#spring interest#wildflower garden#food source summer#food source spring#food source nectar#food source pollen#dry soils tolerant#food source soft mast fruit#FACU Piedmont Mountains#Coastal FACU#partial shade tolerant#food source flowers#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#Audubon#contact dermatitis
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#poisonous#drought tolerant#edible plant#perennials#white flowers#shade garden#showy fruits#NC native#edible fruits#spring interest#wildflower garden#food source summer#food source spring#food source nectar#food source pollen#dry soils tolerant#food source soft mast fruit#FACU Piedmont Mountains#Coastal FACU#partial shade tolerant#food source flowers#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#Audubon#contact dermatitis
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Podophyllum
    Species:
    peltatum
    Family:
    Berberidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South East Canada to Central & Eastern U.S.A
    Wildlife Value:
    The flowers provide food for various species of bees. The fruits are eaten by wildlife including squirrels and box turtles.
    Edibility:
    EDIBLE PARTS: Ripe (yellow and soft) fruit is edible raw but in limited quantity. CAUTION: The roots and leaves are poisonous. Do NOT eat. HARVEST TIME: Collect in August or September. Only collect fruit from areas you know have NOT been treated with pesticides. SAFE HANDLING PROCEDURE: Wash fruit thoroughly with warm water. Do not use dish detergent or any type of sanitizer. These products can leave a residue. The fruit has a lemon-like flavor and can be used to make jams, jellies, and marmalade.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 9 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Horizontal
    Open
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Fleshy-green apple-like fruit, gold in color when ripe. The fruit is edible only when ripe.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    1 in. solitary flower borne at the fork of the two leaf stalks. The six sepals are shed as the flower opens. Each flower has 6 to 9 waxy white petals, 12 to 18 stamens, and bright yellow anthers. While showy, they are hard to see under the leaves and last a short time.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Palmasect
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Lobed
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Each plant grows only a pair of long-stalked umbrella-like leaves, attached to the stalk near the middle of the leaf. The large 6-8 in. leaves are deeply divided into 5 to 7 coarsely toothed lobes and 2-clefted at the end. Nonflowering plants have a single umbrella-like leaf at the top of the stem. The leaves decline and go dormant before Fall.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Native Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Reptiles
    Small Mammals
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Poisonous to Humans
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    The unripe fruit and leaves cause salivation, vomiting, diarrhea, excitement, headache, fever, lethargy, panting, coma (rare). Contact with leaves or roots causes severe redness, irritation, and skin ulcers, especially to the eyes.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Podophyllin
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Stems