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Pinus sylvestris is often confused with:
Pinus virginiana Pinus virginiana
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Pinus taeda Growing in a stand
Myrica cerifera Myrica cerifera
Quercus falcata Form

Pinus sylvestris

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
PY-nus sil-VES-tris
Description

Good landscape form, but later becomes more open.  A picturesque plant with age, having orangish, brown bark and great variability among seedlings. 

The best growing conditions include full sun and well-drained soil. It will tolerate poor, dry site and is easily transplanted.

The native location of the plant will affect the habit, hardiness and needle appearance of each plant.  It may typically reach upwards to 60' in height in cultivation, to dwarf specimens.

This non-native plant has naturalized in the northeast and north-central areas of the US. It was introduced from Eurasia.

Some pests affecting the Scotch Pine are pine wilt nematodes, sawflies, moths, and scale.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Aurea', 'Fastigiata', 'Glauca Nana', 'Gold Coin', 'Gold Medal', 'Nana', 'Watereri'
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#moths#winter interest#playground#small mammals#food source#exfoliating#deer resistant#nighttime garden#children's garden#larval host plant#urban conditions tolerant#bird friendly#Christmas tree#pollinator garden#moth larva#imperial moth
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Aurea', 'Fastigiata', 'Glauca Nana', 'Gold Coin', 'Gold Medal', 'Nana', 'Watereri'
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#moths#winter interest#playground#small mammals#food source#exfoliating#deer resistant#nighttime garden#children's garden#larval host plant#urban conditions tolerant#bird friendly#Christmas tree#pollinator garden#moth larva#imperial moth
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Pinus
    Species:
    sylvestris
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    This plant is cultivated for windbreaks, timber, and plantations for Christmas trees.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Northern Europe and Northern Asia
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant supports Imperial Moth (Eacles imperialis) larvae which have one brood per season and appear from April-October in the south. Adult Imperial Moths do not feed. Porcupines consume the bark, pine grosbeak feed on the buds.
    Play Value:
    Fragrance
    Pieces Used in Games
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 70 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 35 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Columnar
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Yellow-brown, ovoid in shape, slightly stalked one
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    1.5 to 3 in. cones solitary or in groups of 2 to 3
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    1 to 3 in. bluish-green needles in pairs, yellow-green in winter
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Peeling
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Orange/red-brown flaking bark
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Young stems are green, with aging become brown. Typically twisted, dense and pendulous on the lower branches.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Patio
    Pool/Hardscape
    Recreational Play Area
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Nighttime Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Foundation Planting
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Urban Conditions