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Pinus ponderosa var. scopulorum

Phonetic Spelling
PY-nus pon-der-OH-suh skop-yew-LOR-um
Description

One of the three varieties of Pinus ponderosa.  This variety has short needles in bundles of two and small cones. 

This important timber pine has reached heights of 100'.  It's height potential and 3' trunk makes this pine the most important commercial pine in the southwest US and the Rocky Mountain region.  Its wood is hard and fine-grained, making the quality excellent choice for building lumber.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#drought tolerant#native tree#winter interest#deer resistant#cold tolerant#sandy soil tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#drought tolerant#native tree#winter interest#deer resistant#cold tolerant#sandy soil tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Pinus
    Species:
    ponderosa
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Western Central U.S.A. to Northern Mexico
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds eat the seeds
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 60 ft. 0 in. - 90 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 25 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Pyramidal
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    3" to 6" woody, oval-shaped cone with prickles on the ends of the scales.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Male cones are 1.5" and brown, round female cones (.25") and reddish
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    5" to 10" in bundles of 3 masses toward the end of the branches. Crushing the needles give off a citrus scent.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Red/Burgundy
    Bark Description:
    Smells like vanilla when scratched with a fingernail. Reddish-brown in color, the bark separates into broad, flat plates, separated by dark fissures.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Border
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Shade Tree
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought