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Pinus koraiensis

Common Name(s):

Description

An adaptable, cold hardy, elegant variety of pine.  Its form is pyramidal when young, with branches of densely set needles, that feather to the ground.  As the tree matures, its more of a loose pyramidal shape, rounded crown and branches spreading horizontally.  

It is moderately drought tolerant.

Its cones contain large edible seeds (Pine nuts).

Its timber is used for furniture and construction.

 

Cultivars:
  • Compact Glauca
    Long, soft needles, pronounced blue color.
  • Silveray
    Fastigiate, columnar form with bluish needles.
  • Winton
    Low, spreading with blue-green needles. Grows wider than tall.
Tags:
#evergreen#hardy#conifer#winter interest#deer resistant
Cultivars:
  • Compact Glauca
    Long, soft needles, pronounced blue color.
  • Silveray
    Fastigiate, columnar form with bluish needles.
  • Winton
    Low, spreading with blue-green needles. Grows wider than tall.
Tags:
#evergreen#hardy#conifer#winter interest#deer resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Pinus
    Species:
    koraiensis
    Family:
    Pinaceae
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Korea, Japan
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    3.5 to 6 in. cones, single or in clusters. Turns brown
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Needled Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Green
    White
    Leaf Type:
    Needles
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    3.5 to 4.5 in. blue-green needles in bundles of 3 to 5, glossy green above and blue-white below, an overall blue-green appearance
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Red/Burgundy
    Bark Description:
    Gray-brown bark flakes to reveal a reddish-brown inner bark.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Covered with dense reddish-brown pubescence, turning brown with age.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Patio
    Recreational Play Area
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Border
    Edible
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer