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Redbay Persea borbonia

Description

The bark of the Persea borbonia is reddish brown with irregular furrows that separate flat-topped ridges.  The wood, which takes a beautiful polish, is used for fine cabinetwork and also for lumber. The spicy leaves can be used to flavor soups and meats.  This plant is highly salt tolerant. This plat usually grows on rich moist mucky soil.

Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating.  

Seasons of Interest: 

     Bloom:   Spring    Fruit/Seed/Nut:  Fall

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#evergreen#fruit#birds#shade tree#songbirds#wildlife plant#aromatic#salt tolerant#host plant#street tree#winter cover#fire#medium flammability#NC native#foxes#black bears#wild turkeys#racoons#opossums#deer resistant#quail#native garden#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#evergreen#fruit#birds#shade tree#songbirds#wildlife plant#aromatic#salt tolerant#host plant#street tree#winter cover#fire#medium flammability#NC native#foxes#black bears#wild turkeys#racoons#opossums#deer resistant#quail#native garden#edible fruits#Braham Arboretum
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Persea
    Species:
    borbonia
    Family:
    Lauraceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used as an interior finish and for boat building, dried leaves make excellent substitute for tropical bay and used in the same way for seasoning.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern United States
    Distribution:
    Found in NC, SC, GA, FL, AL, MS, LA, AR, and TX
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It provides winter cover.  It is a host plant for the Palamedes. Swallowtail.  The foilage is browsed by white-tailed deer and fruits are eaten by songbirds, wild turkeys, quails, foxes, squirrels, raccoons, opossums and black bear.
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    The Redbay is moderately resistant to deer damage.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Description:
    This tree produces a dark blue spherical fruit.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    In early summer, small, yellow-green groups of flowers mature in clusters on the Redbay tree.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The Redbay has 2-4 in. alternate, simple leaves. They have a smooth margin and produce a spicy odor when crushed. A few yellow or red leaves drop during the season.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Light Brown
    Red/Burgundy
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Salt