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Persea borbonia

Common Name(s):

Description

The bark of the Persea borbonia is reddish brown with irregular furrows that separate flat-topped ridges.  The wood, which takes a beautiful polish, is used for fine cabinetwork and also for lumber. The spicy leaves can be used to flavor soups and meats.  This plant is highly salt tolerant

 

Seasons of Interest: 

     Bloom:   Spring    Fruit/Seed/Nut:  Fall

 

 

Cultivars:
Tags:
#native#butterflies#evergreen#fruit#birds#shade tree#songbirds#wildlife plant#aromatic#salt tolerant#attracts birds#host plant#street tree#winter cover#foxes#black bears#wild turkeys#racoons#opossums#deer resistant#quail
Cultivars:
Tags:
#native#butterflies#evergreen#fruit#birds#shade tree#songbirds#wildlife plant#aromatic#salt tolerant#attracts birds#host plant#street tree#winter cover#foxes#black bears#wild turkeys#racoons#opossums#deer resistant#quail
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Persea
    Species:
    borbonia
    Family:
    Lauraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern United States
    Wildlife Value:
    It provides winter cover.  It is a host plant for the Palamedes Swallowtail.  The foilage is browsed by white-tailed deer and fruits are eaten by songbirds, wild turkeys, quails, foxes, raccoons, opossums and black bear.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    The Redbay is moderately resistant to deer damage.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Description:
    This tree produces a dark blue spherical fruit.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    In early summer, small, yellow-green groups of flowers mature in clusters on the Redbay tree.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The Redbay has 2-4 in. alternate, simple leaves. They have a smooth margin and produce a spicy odor when crushed. A few yellow or red leaves drop during the season.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Salt