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Persea borbonia

Common Name(s):

Description

The bark of the Persea borbonia is reddish brown with irregular furrows that separate flat-topped ridges.  The wood, which takes a beautiful polish, is used for fine cabinetwork and also for lumber. The spicy leaves can be used to flavor soups and meats.  This plant is highly salt tolerant

Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating.  

Seasons of Interest: 

     Bloom:   Spring    Fruit/Seed/Nut:  Fall

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#evergreen#fruit#birds#shade tree#songbirds#wildlife plant#aromatic#salt tolerant#host plant#street tree#winter cover#fire#medium flammability#foxes#black bears#wild turkeys#racoons#opossums#deer resistant#quail#native garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#evergreen#fruit#birds#shade tree#songbirds#wildlife plant#aromatic#salt tolerant#host plant#street tree#winter cover#fire#medium flammability#foxes#black bears#wild turkeys#racoons#opossums#deer resistant#quail#native garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Persea
    Species:
    borbonia
    Family:
    Lauraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern United States
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It provides winter cover.  It is a host plant for the Palamedes Swallowtail.  The foilage is browsed by white-tailed deer and fruits are eaten by songbirds, wild turkeys, quails, foxes, raccoons, opossums and black bear.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    The Redbay is moderately resistant to deer damage.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Description:
    This tree produces a dark blue spherical fruit.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    In early summer, small, yellow-green groups of flowers mature in clusters on the Redbay tree.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The Redbay has 2-4 in. alternate, simple leaves. They have a smooth margin and produce a spicy odor when crushed. A few yellow or red leaves drop during the season.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Salt