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Aquilegia canadensis

Common Name(s):
Columbine, Wild columbine
Native Plants, Perennials, Wildflowers

Columbine is an easy plant to grow because it adapts itself to a wide variety of conditions; however, it grows best in moist, rich, well-drained soil with light shade. These 1 to 3 foot high plants generally begin blooming in early to mid-May and often continue blooming through June. For the nature lover columbines are a favorite flower for hummingbirds.  The native columbine is perfect for shady gardens, where it is not nearly as disfigured by leaf miner as non-native species. They also make an excellent addition to the rock garden. 
Columbines tend to lose vitality after 3-4 years and are best replaced at that time. Plants should be set out in the garden in spring or late summer. Plant them one to two feet apart with the crown at soil level. Once established, feed them monthly with a soluble all purpose (5-10-5) fertilizer and keep them well watered during growing season.

The native columbine is perfect for shady gardens, where it is not nearly as disfigured by leaf miner as other species of columbine; attracts moths and butterflies; grows from a thin, woody rhizome. This plant is resistant to damage by deer

1-3 ft.
Flower Color:
Red and yellow
USDA Hardiness Zone 3 to 8
Leaflets are oval with rounded lobes; basal and alternate on the stem; one to three times compound with three divisions each; slender, much-branched stems
1- to 2-in. spurred flowers nodding at tip of slender branches; spurs point upward; five tubular red petals with yellow lips; five flat, reddish petals; numerous yellow stamens
Partial shade; moist, well-drained humus soil
Partial shade
Moist but well-drained
Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain
North America, North Carolina
Life Cycle:
apvg, NCEMGVA2018, native plants, wildflower, yellow, pollinator, perennial, hummingbirds, deer resistant, partial shade, spring, butterflies, red

NCCES plant id: 678

Aquilegia canadensis Aquilegia canadensis
Aquilegia canadensis plant Aquilegia canadensis plant
Image by Squamatologist, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0
Aquilegia canadensis-flower Aquilegia canadensis-flower
Image by Leo Papandreou, CC BY-NC-SA - 2.0
Aquilegia canadensis flower Aquilegia canadensis flower
J Poyston, CC BY-NC-2.0
Aquilegia canadensis -leaves Aquilegia canadensis -leaves
Eleanor, CC BY-NC-2.0
Aquilegia canadensis Aquilegia canadensis
Chris Kreussling, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0