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Columbine Aquilegia canadensis

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Columbine:

Phonetic Spelling
ah-kwih-LEE-jee-ah kan-ah-DEN-sis
Description

Columbine is a herbaceous perennial that may grow 3 feet tall. The leaves are alternate and deeply lobed or divided. The stem is smooth and multi-branched. Red, orange, and yellow flowers mature in early spring. The herb produces 5 parallel follicles with out curving tips that mature in the late summer to early fall.

Columbines tend to lose vitality after 3-4 years and are best replaced at that time. Plants should be set out in the garden in spring or late summer. Plant them one to two feet apart with the crown at soil level. Once established, feed them monthly with a soluble all purpose (5-10-5) fertilizer and keep them well watered during growing season.

The native columbine is perfect for shady gardens, where it is not nearly as disfigured by leaf miner as other species of columbine; attracts moths and butterflies; grows from a thin, woody rhizome. 

Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating. 

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: This species has very good resistance to leaf miner which often causes severe damage to the foliage of many other columbine species and hybrids.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hummingbirds#red#butterflies#yellow#partial shade#spring#perennial#wildlife plant#wildflowers#showy#spring flowers#apvg#ncemgva2018#food source#cpp#fire#medium flammability#NC native#deer resistant#native garden#pollinator plant#native wildflower#food source summer#hummingbird
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hummingbirds#red#butterflies#yellow#partial shade#spring#perennial#wildlife plant#wildflowers#showy#spring flowers#apvg#ncemgva2018#food source#cpp#fire#medium flammability#NC native#deer resistant#native garden#pollinator plant#native wildflower#food source summer#hummingbird
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aquilegia
    Species:
    canadensis
    Family:
    Ranunculaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Distribution:
    NC
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    The flowers are very attractive to hummingbirds and other pollinators.  The seeds may be eaten by songbirds.  Hummingbirds are the primary pollinators.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3b, 3a, 4b, 4a, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    Displays in late summer.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Description:
    The Columbine features drooping, spurred, bell-like, 1-2", red and yellow flowers (red sepals, yellow-limbed petals, 5 distinctive red spurs and a mass of bushy yellow stamens). Its spurs point upward. Blooms in early spring.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    The Columbines leaflets are oval with rounded lobes, basal and alternate on the stem with one to three times compound with three divisions each. They have slender, much-branched stems. Its delicate, biternate foliage is somewhat suggestive of meadow rue (Thalictrum) and remains attractive throughout the summer as long as soils are kept moist.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Naturalized Area
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Fairy Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer