Plant DetailShow Menu

Native alternative(s) for Aquilegia viridiflora:
Aquilegia canadensis Aquilegia canadensis
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Aruncus dioicus Form
Gaillardia pulchella Swallowtail butterfly
Monarda 'Raspberry Wine' Monarda 'Raspberry Wine' bracts close
Aquilegia viridiflora has some common insect problems:
Aphids on Ornamental Landscape Plants
Columbine Leafminer

Aquilegia viridiflora

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ah-kwih-LEE-jee-ah veer-id-ih-FLORE-uh
Description

Green columbine is a compact perennial flower in the Ranunculaceae (buttercup) family native to Asia.  In th wild, it is found growing in woodlands, valleys, and streambanks.  It reaches one to three feet in height and one foot in spread. The genus name Aquilegia is Latin for eagle's talon in reference to the flowers which resemble the bird's foot while the species name viridiflora is Latin for green flowers.

It grows easily and quickly in average to rich, well-drained moist soil, in full sun to dappled or partial shade. It is intolerant of heavy poorly drained soil.  Light shade prolongs the blooming season.  Green columbine will self-seed in the landscape under ideal conditions.  It is resistant to damage by deer and rabbits.

It has showy fragrant flowers that bloom late spring to early summer, with yellowish green flowers that nod downward. Remove flowers to encourage more blooms. The lush blue green foliage can be enjoyed after the flowers have died back if the plant is irrigated regularly, but it should be cut back to the ground once it starts to decline in appearance by the end of the summer.

Utilized in the front of borders, or massing in natural settings.  Ideal for a cottage garden and its unusual green flowers in a cutting garden. Its round compact form makes it ideal for rock gardens.  

Quick ID Hints:

  • Flowers with 5 elongate spurs
  • Leaves 1-3 ternately compound
  • Erect herbs with basal mound of leaves, flowering apex

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Leafminer, aphids, and columbine borer are infrequent insect problems.  It is prone 

 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Chocolate Soldier'
    Brown and cream flowers
'Chocolate Soldier'
Tags:
#showy flowers#full sun tolerant#fragrant flowers#green flowers#low maintenance#cottage garden#rabbit resistant#mass planting#stream banks#deer resistant#blue-green leaves#rock garden#border planting#self-seeding#cutting garden#fantz#flowers late spring#border front#flowers early summer#compact habit#partial shade tolerant#clay soils intolerant#flowers midspring#perennial#woodland
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Chocolate Soldier'
    Brown and cream flowers
'Chocolate Soldier'
Tags:
#showy flowers#full sun tolerant#fragrant flowers#green flowers#low maintenance#cottage garden#rabbit resistant#mass planting#stream banks#deer resistant#blue-green leaves#rock garden#border planting#self-seeding#cutting garden#fantz#flowers late spring#border front#flowers early summer#compact habit#partial shade tolerant#clay soils intolerant#flowers midspring#perennial#woodland
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aquilegia
    Species:
    viridiflora
    Family:
    Ranunculaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    S. Siberia to N. China, Japan
    Wildlife Value:
    Attra
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 8 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 8 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Mounding
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    3/4" fragrant, terminal cymes, 3-7 flowers sometimes branched. April-June Pendent to erect; sepals 5, petaloid, colored as petals, much shorter than spurs; petals 5, forward-pointing lamina, elongate, hollow, nectar-secreting spur projecting backward.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Blue
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Pinnatifid
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Basal leaves alternate, pinnately compound, 1-3 ternate, long petiolate, apex deeply incised, grayish-blue green; cauline leaves gradually reduced in size; petiole soft-pubescent.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Riparian
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Cutting Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Rabbits
    Problems:
    Frequent Disease Problems
    Frequent Insect Problems