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Green Columbine Aquilegia viridiflora

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ah-kwih-LEE-jee-ah veer-id-ih-FLORE-uh
Description

Green columbine is a compact perennial flower that reaches one to three feet in height and one foot in spread.  It grows easily in average, well-drained soil, in full sun to partial shade. It is intolerant of dry soils.

It has showy fragrant flowers that bloom late spring to early summer, color of carotenoid or anthocyanin pigments; utilized in borders, massing, natural settings, and cut flowers; light shade prolongs blooming season; apply a systemic insecticide in early spring as preventative. It is resistant to damage by deer and rabbits.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Flowers with 5 elongate spurs
  • Leaves 1-3 ternately compound
  • Erect herbs with basal mound of leaves, flowering apex

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  It is prone to numerous fungal diseases, borers, leaf miners, and aphids.

 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Chocolate Soldier'
    Brown and cream flowers
'Chocolate Soldier'
Tags:
#showy flowers#full sun#partial shade#fragrant flowers#perennial#cut flowers#rabbit resistant#deer resistant#fantz#boarders#compact habit
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Chocolate Soldier'
    Brown and cream flowers
'Chocolate Soldier'
Tags:
#showy flowers#full sun#partial shade#fragrant flowers#perennial#cut flowers#rabbit resistant#deer resistant#fantz#boarders#compact habit
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aquilegia
    Species:
    viridiflora
    Family:
    Ranunculaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    S. Siberia to N. China, Japan
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 8 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 8 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Mounding
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Terminal, several-flowered, sometimes branched. Pendent to erect; sepals 5, petaloid, colored as petals, much shorter than spurs; petals 5, forward-pointing lamina, elongate, hollow, nectar-secreting spur projecting backward.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Pinnatifid
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Basal leaves alternate, pinnately compound, 1-3 ternate, long petiolate, apex deeply incised, grayish-green; cauline leaves gradually reduced in size; petiole soft-pubescent.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Cutting Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Rabbits
    Problems:
    Frequent Disease Problems
    Frequent Insect Problems