Plant DetailShow Menu

Mentha x piperita is often confused with:
Mentha spicata Mentha spica flower
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Ocimum basilicum Ocimum basilicum
Thymus vulgaris Thymus vulgaris
Salvia rosmarinus Rosmarinus officinalis

Peppermints Mentha x piperita

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
MEN-thah BY pip-er-EE-tah
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Peppermint is an upright perennial herb that is a cross between wintermint and spearmint. It is most commonly grown as a culinary or medicinal herb and/or a ground cover. It spreads by rhizomes forming an attractive, though aggressive, ground cover.

It is tolerant of various light levels and soils except for dry ones but prefers rich moist soil in partial shade. It does best in neutral soils of 6.0-7.0 pH.  It does surprisingly well in shadier sites, only needing a minimum of three hours of sun a day.  Consider growing in a pot 12-16" wide to help control its aggressive spread.  If planting in the ground, space plants 18" apart.

Use flowers and leaves fresh or dried in teas, beverages, jellies, syrups, candies, ice creams and mint sauce. Regularly pinching off the branch tips will promote bushier, leafier growth, increasing available harvest.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#fragrant#sun#full sun#partial shade#fragrant flowers#small spaces#edible plant#container plant#purple flowers#pink flowers#fragrant leaves#edible flowers#medicinal#herb garden#spreading#summer flowers#teas#groundcover#potpourri#edible garden#edible#container#container vegetable garden#shade tolerant vegetable#pink#problem for cats#herb#pollinators#summer#pollinator garden#problem for dogs#containers#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#fragrant#sun#full sun#partial shade#fragrant flowers#small spaces#edible plant#container plant#purple flowers#pink flowers#fragrant leaves#edible flowers#medicinal#herb garden#spreading#summer flowers#teas#groundcover#potpourri#edible garden#edible#container#container vegetable garden#shade tolerant vegetable#pink#problem for cats#herb#pollinators#summer#pollinator garden#problem for dogs#containers#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Mentha
    Family:
    Lamiaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    teas, fragrance, potpourri
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe and Middle East
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    deer, rabbit, wet soil
    Edibility:
    Leaves and flowers can be used in tea and flavoring for various dishes.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Ground Cover
    Herb
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    If fruit, if set, is a dried calyx that contains 4 ovoid, smooth brown nutlets.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Terminal spikes of small pink to lavender tubular flowers in a dense whorl-like cylindric terminal spike, obtuse at the tip and sometimes interrupted on the stem. Stamens are extended. Blooms in summer and rarely set seed.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The lance-shaped green leaves are 1-2 inches long and 1/2 as wide. The margins are unequally toothed and the tip is acute. Undersides are gland-dotted and have fine hairs.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    Yes
    Stem Cross Section:
    Square
    Stem Description:
    Stems are square, reddish-green and may have fine hairs.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Naturalized Area
    Small Space
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Edible Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Rabbits
    Wet Soil
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
    Weedy
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Vomiting and diarrhea with large ingestions
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Essential Oils
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No