Plant DetailShow Menu

Mentha x piperita

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
MEN-thah BY pip-er-EE-tah
Description

Peppermint is an upright perennial herb that is a cross between wintermint and spearmint. It is most commonly grown as a culinary or medicinal herb and/or a ground cover. It spreads by rhizomes forming an attractive, though aggressive, ground cover. Consider growing in a pot. It is tolerant of various soils except for dry ones but prefers rich moist soil in partial shade.

Use flowers and leaves fresh or dried in teas, beverages, jellies, syrups, candies, ice creams and mint sauce. 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#partial shade#fragrant flowers#edible plant#container plant#fragrant leaves#edible flowers#spreading#herb#teas#groundcover#potpourri
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#partial shade#fragrant flowers#edible plant#container plant#fragrant leaves#edible flowers#spreading#herb#teas#groundcover#potpourri
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Mentha
    Family:
    Lamiaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    teas, fragrance, potpourri
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe and Middle East
    Edibility:
    Leaves and flowers; tea and flavoring for various dishes.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Herb
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    If fruit, if set, is a dried calyx that contains 4 ovoid, smooth brown nutlets.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Terminal spikes of small pink to lavender tubular flowers in a dense whorl-like cylindric terminal spike, obtuse at the tip and sometimes interrupted on the stem. Stamens are extended. Blooms in summer and rarely set seed.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The lance-shaped green leaves are 1-2 inches long and 1/2 as wide. The margins are unequally toothed and the tip is acute. Undersides are gland-dotted and have fine hairs.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    Yes
    Stem Cross Section:
    Square
    Stem Description:
    Stems are square, reddish-green and may have fine hairs.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Edible Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Rabbits
    Wet Soil
    Problems:
    Weedy