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Ilex x 'Nellie R. Stevens'

Phonetic Spelling
EYE-leks
Description

A hybrid of I. aquifolium and I. cornuta; this plant is a vigorous, drought and heat tolerant female clone.  It is pollinated by I. cornuta but produces some fruit without a male pollinator.  Nellie Stevens Holly is good as a large shrub or small, broad, pyramidal tree between 15' - 24 1/2' tall, if lower branches are removed.

This plant does well in sun to partial shade. It prefers well-drained soil but tolerates a range of soil types (heavy clay, damp). It is best to avoid wet sites. Its dense and conical form allows it to be trained into a small tree.  This plant can be used as a barrier, hedge, foundation or screen, or for massing. It is a heavy fruiter, often without a pollinator, and has spinose teeth. This plant grows quickly and has pest problems.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Bullate leaves with 1-3 spines along each margin
  • Leaves consistently vary in number of spines.
  • Abundant red fruit.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#small tree#drought tolerant#specimen#wildlife plant#dark green#nectar plant#salt tolerant#low maintenance#winter interest#mass planting#security plant#air pollution tolerant#hedges#specialized bees#fast growing#privacy#cpp#dense#glossy leaves#foundation planting#spiny leaves#borders#screening#pollinator plant#fantz#evergreen shrub#bird friendly#bee friendly#fruits winter
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#small tree#drought tolerant#specimen#wildlife plant#dark green#nectar plant#salt tolerant#low maintenance#winter interest#mass planting#security plant#air pollution tolerant#hedges#specialized bees#fast growing#privacy#cpp#dense#glossy leaves#foundation planting#spiny leaves#borders#screening#pollinator plant#fantz#evergreen shrub#bird friendly#bee friendly#fruits winter
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ilex
    Family:
    Aquifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are attractive to birds. Flowers attract bees. Members of the genus Ilex support the following specialized bee: Colletes banksi.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Mildly resistant to damage by deer, moderately salt tolerant.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Conical
    Dense
    Erect
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    12-24 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Abundance of bright red 1/3" globose berries. They fruit in fall and persist into winter. This plant is a female clone.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Prickly
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Oblong
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Glossy, deep green leaves to 4" long that are attractive year-round. Leaves are alternate, simple, bullate, elliptic, and have 1-2 spines on each side. They have a terminal spine at the apex and often vary in the number of spines they have.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Pollution
    Salt
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns