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Ilex verticillata 'Winter Gold'

Phonetic Spelling
EYE-leks ver-ti-si-LAY-tuh
Description

'Winter Gold' is a deciduous shrub that provides year-round interest makes an excellent hedge or addition to a rain garden.  It is a female plant and needs a male to produce its showy orange-yellow fruits.   It prefers full sun with some afternoon shade and medium to wet soils. Because it tolerates wet soils it does well in pond margins, stream beds, or low lying areas of the yard.  Mass plant or in small groups and place it in shrub borders or as foundation plants.  Prune to maintain an attractive shape in early spring before leafing out. 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious problems. Powdery mildew and leaf spots are occasional problems.   Plants will show a decline in alkaline soils.

VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

More information on Ilex verticillata.

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#rain garden#wildlife plant#deciduous shrub#low maintenance#winter interest#mass planting#air pollution tolerant#year-round interest#showy fruits#hedges#low lying area#stream banks#food source#shrub border#ponds#foundation planting#erosion#orange fruits#small group plantings#wet soils tolerant#bird friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#rain garden#wildlife plant#deciduous shrub#low maintenance#winter interest#mass planting#air pollution tolerant#year-round interest#showy fruits#hedges#low lying area#stream banks#food source#shrub border#ponds#foundation planting#erosion#orange fruits#small group plantings#wet soils tolerant#bird friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ilex
    Species:
    verticillata
    Family:
    Aquifoliaceae
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits attract birds.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 5 ft. 0 in. - 8 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 5 ft. 0 in. - 8 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    6-feet-12 feet
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Orange-yellow 1/4" fruits appear only if there is a male plant like 'Southern Gentleman' around to pollinate. They set in late summer but can persist into winter hence the common name.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Tiny white flowers with a green/yellow center in leaf axils from May-June.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Dark green leaves 2"-3" long with obvious venation outline on top with a lighter green underside where the veins are obvious in a pale-green. Fall color is variable but sometimes attractive yellow-bronze.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Pond
    Riparian
    Landscape Theme:
    Rain Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Erosion
    Pollution
    Wet Soil