- Common Name(s):
- Ironweed, New York Ironweed, Tall Ironweed
- Herbs, Native Plants, Perennials, Wildflowers
Ironweed is an herbaceous native perennial wildflower in the Asteraceae family. It may grow 8 to 10 feet tall. The leaves are alternate and finely toothed with a downy underside. Deep purple flowers appear in clusters from mid summer to mid fall. This low maintenance wildflower naturalizes easily and works well in a rain garden.
Regions: Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal
Seasons of Interest:
Bloom: Late Summer/Fall; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Fall
Wildlife Value: There is high deer resistance. Flowers are attractive to butterflies.bees and other pollinators. Songbirds eat the seeds. Members of the genus Vernonia support the following specialized bee: Melissodes (Eumelissodes) denticulatus.
This plant may be confused with: Eutrochium dubium
- 8-10 ft.
- 3-4 ft.
- Flower Color:
- Deep purple
- Showy tiny, fluffy, deep purple, composite flowers (rays absent) in loose, 3-4" wide, terminal clusters (cymes) atop stiff, leafy stems typically growing 4-6' tall.
- Sun to partial shade, moist to wet soil.
- Full sun to light shade
- Eastern and southeastern United States
NCCES plant id: 2861