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Setterwort Helleborus foetidus

Phonetic Spelling
hel-eh-BORE-us FOY-tih-dus
This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Helleborus foetidus is an interesting plant to grow in a shady garden. It blooms in late winter to early spring, with unusual yellow-green pendant, cup-shaped blossoms with a maroon rim that are  surrounded by pale green bracts. Although 'foetidus' means fetid, or smelly, the plant as a whole is not unpleasant smelling. The leaves, when crushed or bruised, give off a smell that many describe as unpleasant or strange.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#poisonous#perennial#light shade#yellow-green#deep shade#shade tolerant#green flowers#low maintenance#winter interest#cpp#spreading#long-lasting flowers#deer resistant#cream flowers#woodland#naturalizes#self-seeding#unplesant fragrance#clumping#early spring flowers
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#showy flowers#poisonous#perennial#light shade#yellow-green#deep shade#shade tolerant#green flowers#low maintenance#winter interest#cpp#spreading#long-lasting flowers#deer resistant#cream flowers#woodland#naturalizes#self-seeding#unplesant fragrance#clumping#early spring flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Helleborus
    Species:
    foetidus
    Family:
    Ranunculaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    mountainous regions of Europe, Greece and Asia Minor
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Erect
    Spreading
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Many flowers, 5-parted, drooping, green flushed with purple at apex.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, palmately divided with 7-10 leaflets. Gives off an unpleasant smell when crushed.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Heavy Shade
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN. SKIN IRRITATION MINOR OR LASTING ONLY FOR A FEW MINUTES. Possibly causing burning of mouth and throat, salivation, vomiting, abdominal cramping, diarrhea, nervous symptoms, depression.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Protoanemonin
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems