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Witch Hazel Hamamelis virginiana

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ham-ah-MAY-lis ver-jin-ee-AY-nah
Description

Hamamelis virginiana, known as common witch hazel, may be grown as a multi-stemmed shrub or small single trunk tree. Because it is small, it is a good choice for tight spaces. This variety is the most cold-hardy of all witch hazels and is the latest to bloom. It is erosion resistant and will tolerate clay soils, although its roots are sensitive to disturbance. 

The foliage may be subject to damage from insect galls (small wasps) and Japanese beetles.

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#deciduous#fall color#small tree#wildlife plant#showy#moths#nectar plant#fall interest#hedge#flowering#playground#erosion control#low flammability#shrub border#children's garden#native garden#fire resistant#woodland#edible fruits#pollinator plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#deciduous#fall color#small tree#wildlife plant#showy#moths#nectar plant#fall interest#hedge#flowering#playground#erosion control#low flammability#shrub border#children's garden#native garden#fire resistant#woodland#edible fruits#pollinator plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hamamelis
    Species:
    virginiana
    Family:
    Hamamelidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Flowers are pollinated by noctuid moths. Wild turkeys eat the seeds. Deer may browse leaves.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Edible fruit
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscape.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Open
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    seed capsules initially green, mature to light brown and become woody with age
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Yellow spidery flowers with four crinkly, ribbon-shaped petals that appear along the branches from October to December.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Riparian
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Attracts:
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Erosion
    Fire