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Witch Hazel Hamamelis virginiana

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ham-ah-MAY-lis ver-jin-ee-AY-nah
Description

Hamamelis virginiana, known as common witch hazel, is a fall-blooming, deciduous shrub or small tree that is native to woodlands, forest margins and stream banks in eastern North America. It typically grows 15-20’ tall with a similar spread in cultivation but can reach 30’ tall in its native habitat.  Its small stature makes it a good choice tree choice for tight spaces.  Its bark is smooth and gray to gray-brown.

Witch hazel has crooked, usually multi-trunked with low branching.  This variety is the cold-hardy of all witch hazels.  Its roots are sensitive to disturbance. It is one of the latest shrubs to bloom, often in November.  It is resistant to erosion and performs well in clay soils.

 Regions:  Mountain, Piedmont, Coastal Plains

Seasons of Interest: 

  Leaf:  Fall                   Blooms:   Fall, winter           Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Wildlife Value:    Flowers are pollinated by winter-flying noctuid moths.  Wild turkeys eat the seeds of this plant.  White-tailed deer browse the leaves but it is moderately resistant to damage. 

Play Value: Wildlife Enhancement

Seed:  Capsule

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Occasional insect galls (small wasps) appear on the foliage. Japanese beetles may chew on the leaves in some areas.

 

Cultivars:
Tags:
#native#fragrant#deciduous#fall color#small tree#pollinators#wildlife plant#showy#moths#nectar plant#woodland garden#fall interest#hedge#flowering#playground#erosion control#ncemgva2018#low flammability#shrub border#children's garden#fire resistant
Cultivars:
Tags:
#native#fragrant#deciduous#fall color#small tree#pollinators#wildlife plant#showy#moths#nectar plant#woodland garden#fall interest#hedge#flowering#playground#erosion control#ncemgva2018#low flammability#shrub border#children's garden#fire resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hamamelis
    Species:
    virginiana
    Family:
    Hamamelidaceae
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscape.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds