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Hamamelis mollis

Description

Although Chinese Witch Hazel is not as hardy as other Hamamelis spp., it is the most fragrant witch hazel. It can be grown as a large shrub or small tree and should be pruned in spring after flowering to control the size and shape.

Chinese Witch Hazel tolerates clay soils as long as the drainage is good. However, it does best with consistent moisture and may suffer from leaf scorch in hot, dry summers. It spreads by root suckers which should be pruned to restrain colonization.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Flowers in axillary clusters, 4 ligulate petals
  • Deciduous shrub to small tree with zig-zag twigs
  • Leaf buds and young twigs tomentose

Deciduous shrub or small tree to 16.5'. 

Native form flowers in late fall to early winter. Other species flower in late winter. Leaves turn yellow in fall. 

Prefers well-drained, moist, acid, organic soil; full sun or partial shade; intolerant drought; no serious pests.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Brevipetala
  • Early Bright
  • Pallida
  • Princeton Gold
Tags:
#fragrant#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#deciduous shrub#medicinal#winter interest#playground#moist soil#well-drained soil#deer resistant#shrub border#children's garden#edible fruits#yellow flower#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Brevipetala
  • Early Bright
  • Pallida
  • Princeton Gold
Tags:
#fragrant#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#deciduous shrub#medicinal#winter interest#playground#moist soil#well-drained soil#deer resistant#shrub border#children's garden#edible fruits#yellow flower#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hamamelis
    Species:
    mollis
    Family:
    Hamamelidaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Has been used as a medicinal plant. The bark and leaves produce a topical astringent.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Western and west-central China
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruit serves as food source for small mammals and birds.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Edible fruit
    Fragrance
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 16 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Oval
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    A two-valved dihiscent capsule.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Description:
    Yellow flowers with red-brown calyx in late winter to early spring; fragrant; strap-shaped petals. Yellow, four strap-like crumpled petals. Inflorescence a cyme in leaf axils.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Orange
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, ovate to obovate, toothed, base oblique; leaf buds pubescent.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Young stems zig-zag, pubescent; older glabrous, smooth.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer