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Hamamelis x intermedia

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ham-ah-MAY-lis BY in-ter-MEE-dee-uh
Description

This is an artificial hybrid between H. japonica and H. mollis which has many attractive cultivars available. It is an upright or wide-spreading tree, not densely branched. Depending on cultivar, blooms are fragrant and yellow to orange or red. It blooms in winter or early spring before new leaves emerge. Leaves are primarily yellow to red, dependent on cultivar. This hybrid Witch Hazel is generally problem-free with respect to insects and diseases.  However, in the fall leaves may turn brown but not drop which detracts from the floral display.

Potential problems: Caterpillars, Japanese beetles, leaf gall aphids, weevils, scale, leafroller,  leafminer.  powdery mildew, occasional leaf spots, and rots.

Quick ID Hints:

  • wedge-shaped leaves, serrated on top half, 5-8 vein pairs, base oblique 
  • showy, spider-like late winter flowers in red or yellow
  • petals ligulate

A deciduous large shrub or small tree 15-20' tall, 8-10' wide, multi-stemmed, loosely branched, graceful. Prefers full sun to partial shade, moist, fertile, well-drained acidic soil; needs space to grow; should not be crowded. Blooms late winter; very showy yellow to yellow-orange fall color; flowers open and close depending on weather conditions.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Allgold'
    yellow flowers with reddish-purple calyx
  • 'Aphrodite'
    orange to copper red flowers which are not fragrant. Leaves turn reddish in fall.
  • 'Arnold Promise'
    Large shrub, bright yellow blooms that have a reddish base, blooms later than other cultivars.
  • 'Carmine Red'
  • 'Diane'
    Copper-red flowers in early spring; fall color is red, yellow and orange.
  • 'FeurerZauber'
    Mildly fragrant red flowers with purple-red calyx, leaves are orange-red in fall. ('Magic Fire', 'Fire Charm')
  • 'Girard's Orange'
    Fragrant, orange flowers are produced on a vigorous, fast-growing plant.
  • 'Hiltingbury'
    Flowers orange-red and purple, fall foliage color orange and red.
  • 'Jelena'
    ('Copper Beauty') - coppery blooms that lighten to yellow at the tips, wide-spreading habit and orange-red fall color
  • 'Moonlight'
    fragrant yellow flowers with deep red calyx, leaves are yellow in fall
  • 'Orange Beauty'
    mildly fragrant, deep yellow to orange-yellow flowers. leaves are yellow, orange and red in fall
  • 'Primavera'
    Very fragrant, abundant yellow blooms with a reddish base, flowers early and has yellow fall color.
  • 'Princeton Gold'
  • 'Ruby Glow'
    flowers are deep coppery-red to red-brown, but lack fragrance, fall color is orange-red
  • 'Sunburst'
    abundant blooms of intense yellow
'Allgold', 'Aphrodite', 'Arnold Promise', 'Carmine Red', 'Diane', 'FeurerZauber', 'Girard's Orange', 'Hiltingbury', 'Jelena', 'Moonlight', 'Orange Beauty', 'Primavera', 'Princeton Gold', 'Ruby Glow', 'Sunburst'
Tags:
#cultivars#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#small tree#partial shade#fragrant flowers#acidic soil#red flowers#orange flowers#cpp#well-drained soil#multistemmed#large shrub#spreading#long-lasting flowers#gold flowers#deer resistant#hybrids#rounded#fantz#winter flowers#woodlands
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Allgold'
    yellow flowers with reddish-purple calyx
  • 'Aphrodite'
    orange to copper red flowers which are not fragrant. Leaves turn reddish in fall.
  • 'Arnold Promise'
    Large shrub, bright yellow blooms that have a reddish base, blooms later than other cultivars.
  • 'Carmine Red'
  • 'Diane'
    Copper-red flowers in early spring; fall color is red, yellow and orange.
  • 'FeurerZauber'
    Mildly fragrant red flowers with purple-red calyx, leaves are orange-red in fall. ('Magic Fire', 'Fire Charm')
  • 'Girard's Orange'
    Fragrant, orange flowers are produced on a vigorous, fast-growing plant.
  • 'Hiltingbury'
    Flowers orange-red and purple, fall foliage color orange and red.
  • 'Jelena'
    ('Copper Beauty') - coppery blooms that lighten to yellow at the tips, wide-spreading habit and orange-red fall color
  • 'Moonlight'
    fragrant yellow flowers with deep red calyx, leaves are yellow in fall
  • 'Orange Beauty'
    mildly fragrant, deep yellow to orange-yellow flowers. leaves are yellow, orange and red in fall
  • 'Primavera'
    Very fragrant, abundant yellow blooms with a reddish base, flowers early and has yellow fall color.
  • 'Princeton Gold'
  • 'Ruby Glow'
    flowers are deep coppery-red to red-brown, but lack fragrance, fall color is orange-red
  • 'Sunburst'
    abundant blooms of intense yellow
'Allgold', 'Aphrodite', 'Arnold Promise', 'Carmine Red', 'Diane', 'FeurerZauber', 'Girard's Orange', 'Hiltingbury', 'Jelena', 'Moonlight', 'Orange Beauty', 'Primavera', 'Princeton Gold', 'Ruby Glow', 'Sunburst'
Tags:
#cultivars#sun#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#small tree#partial shade#fragrant flowers#acidic soil#red flowers#orange flowers#cpp#well-drained soil#multistemmed#large shrub#spreading#long-lasting flowers#gold flowers#deer resistant#hybrids#rounded#fantz#winter flowers#woodlands
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hamamelis
    Family:
    Hamamelidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Grafting
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Open
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    A two-valved dihiscent capsule.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Winter
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    4 long, narrow petals; slender, twisted, spider-like. Flowers open early, late January to March and may open and close dependent on weather conditions. Colors range from yellow to red, depending on cultivar, slightly fragrant, persistent, showy.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Orbicular
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Somewhat rounded, acuminate tip, a downy, gray-green in summer. Alternate, simple, 2-4" long, wedge shaped, dark green above, pale green and pubescent below, ovate to obovate, 5-8 vein pairs, serrated on top half, base oblique.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Bark Description:
    smooth, gray to gray-brown
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Slender, gray-brown, smooth, some reddish lenticels. Leaf bud is naked, looks like a small, folded leaf; flower bud is stalked, clustered and round.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Erosion