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Halesia carolina

Phonetic Spelling
ha-LESS-ee-ah kay-roh-LEE-nah
Description

Carolina silverbell is in the Styracaceae family.  It can be grown as a large multitrunked shrub or trained into a small understory tree.  It is easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. It prefers moist, acidic, organically rich soils in part shade. It has an irregular, spreading, open crown and yellow fall color.  It suffers during drought so will need supplemental irrigation. Makes an attractive specimen plant for a lawn or in a shrub border or woodland garden.  Looks attractive planted with rhododendrons and azaleas.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious problems though not tolerant of salt or compacted soils.  Leaves can become chlorotic in high pH soils.

 

 

Cultivars:
  • 'Meehanii'
    Rounded form more of a large shrub
  • 'Rosea'
    Pink flowers but depends on pH
Tags:
#hummingbirds#deciduous#pollinators#specimen#flowers#wildlife plant#showy#native tree#nectar plant#woodland garden#winter interest#fall interest#patio#flowering tree#playground#lawn tree#border#food source#low flammability#shrub border#children's garden#fire resistant
Cultivars:
  • 'Meehanii'
    Rounded form more of a large shrub
  • 'Rosea'
    Pink flowers but depends on pH
Tags:
#hummingbirds#deciduous#pollinators#specimen#flowers#wildlife plant#showy#native tree#nectar plant#woodland garden#winter interest#fall interest#patio#flowering tree#playground#lawn tree#border#food source#low flammability#shrub border#children's garden#fire resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Halesia
    Species:
    carolina
    Family:
    Styracaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    West VA to OH to OK and IL, south to FL
    Distribution:
    All throughout the eastern United States
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts hummingbirds, and supports 7 different species of lepidopteran caterpillars.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscape.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 30 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 25 ft. 0 in. - 35 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-trunked
    Open
    Pyramidal
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    An oblong 4-winged drupe which starts out green with a dark point at the base and turns brown persisting and providing winter interest.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    White, pendulous bell-shaped 1/2"-3/4" long, in drooping clusters of 2-5 blooms from late April to May. Flowers appear on second year growth.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves appear at the same time or just after bloom. They are dull, ovate-oblong finely toothed 2-5" long with rounded base and acute apex. Turn yellow in the fall but drop early.
  • Bark:
    Bark Description:
    Young bark is gray with vertical dark fissures, mature bark is ridged and furrowed
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Second-year stems appear stringy
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Patio
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Black Walnut