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Dangleberry Gaylussacia frondosa

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
gay-luh-SAY-shee-uh frond-OH-suh
Description

Blue huckleberry is a native, blueberry-like shrub in the Ericaceae family. It has distinctive resin dots that only occur on the lower surface of the leaves, and a large, open, lax inflorescence that gives it another common name, dangleberry. This is a huckleberry of the Atlantic coastal plain. It proliferates rapidly from rhizomes when disturbed. It is deciduous to semi-evergreen found on forest edges, meadows, wetland margins, and fields.  The fruit is very edible and tasty to humans and wildlife.

 

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#deciduous#drought tolerant#semi-evergreen#wildlife plant#riparian#host plant#wetlands#wet sites#low flammability#fire resistant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#butterflies#deciduous#drought tolerant#semi-evergreen#wildlife plant#riparian#host plant#wetlands#wet sites#low flammability#fire resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Gaylussacia
    Species:
    frondosa
    Family:
    Ericaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer.  It is a host plant for Henry Elfin's butterfly.  Butterflies are attracted to its blooms.  Its thickets provide cover for wildlife, while birds including grouse, bobwhite, scarlet tanagers and wild turkeys eat the berries.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscape.
    Edibility:
    Fruits are highly edible and enjoyed by humans and wildlife alike.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Blue
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Description:
    Blue-black oval berries
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Cup
    Flower Description:
    In the spring, small white to pink bell or cup-shaped flowers mature on the Blue huckleberry. They are followed by a blue to black edible berry.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    They have a fuzzy margin and yellow resin dots on the underside
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Peeling
    Bark Description:
    The bark is gray-brown and finely peeling.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Buds:
    Scaly
    Stem Description:
    Its twigs are brown, green or red. There are three or more scales on the winter buds, and they overlap like shingles, with one edge covered and the other edge exposed.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Fire
    Wet Soil