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Frangula alnus

Previously known as:

  • Rhamnus frangula
Phonetic Spelling
FRANG-gew-la AL-nus
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Drought tolerant

Small evergreen or deciduous trees or shrubs, twigs often thorn-tipped; ; fruit a fleshy, black berry.

Form:  Upright, spreading large shrub to small tree

Poison Part:  Berries.

Poison Delivery Mode:  Ingestion.

Poison Part:  Berries.

Severity:  CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN.

Found in:  Forest or natural areas in rich woods, landscapes as cultivated ornamental shrub.

 

More information on Rhamnus.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Frangula
    Species:
    alnus
    Family:
    Rhamnaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe to Central Siberia and North West China and NW. Africa
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Poisonous
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Spreading
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    Fleshy
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Black
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Small, 4-5-parted Creamy green flowers in leaf axis of new growth; small red to purple-black drupe
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Opposite
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate or nearly opposite, simple, smooth or toothed, lustrous dark green leaves; 1 to 3 in. long
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Glycosides.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits