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Ficus pumila

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
FY-kus PEW-mih-lah
Description

Prefers partial shade but will tolerate full sun; adult and juvenile form; often grown as a houseplant or in a greenhouse; drought tolerant; severe cold will kill the vine back to the ground; good climber; not hardy in most of NC; this plant is resistant to damage by deer and is moderately salt tolerant.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Leaves are alternate
  • Vine with small, thin, heart-shaped leaves
  • Stems climb with adventitious, hook-like roots

Evergreen vine, climbing to 49' or more.

Juvenile and adult forms exist for this plant and the habit differences closely parallel those for Hedera helix; juvenile form is usually maintained in interior environments and is easily recognizable by the small, heart-shaped, alternate leaves on vine with adventious roots; adult form has larger, more elliptic, more leathery and reticulte leaf; plant can cement itself to porous surfaces and will cover moist surfaces quickly; can become invasive; can also be used outdoors as groundcover or to cover walls; variegated forms are available. 

Tolerates full sun or partial shade; tolerates heavy pruning; intolerant of dry soil; prefers moist, well-drained soil and high humidity; zones (7) 8-10.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Minima'
Tags:
#evergreen#houseplant#salt tolerant#apvg#deer resistant#vine#groundcover#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Minima'
Tags:
#evergreen#houseplant#salt tolerant#apvg#deer resistant#vine#groundcover#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ficus
    Species:
    pumila
    Family:
    Moraceae
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Vine
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10a, 10b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    (adult form) a pear-shaped to cylindrical fig, mostly solitary, green with white flecks maturing to purple, densely hairy, to 2.5 x 1.5".
  • Flowers:
    Flower Description:
    (adult form) minute, axillary, unisexual, enclosed in fleshy receptacle (fig), entered by apical orifice and pollinated by fig wasps.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Subcordate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Juvenile- alternate, simple, heart-shaped, acute, cordate, entire, medium to dark green, glabrous and bumpy above, pubescent below, to 1" long; petiole very short; Adult- more ovate-elliptic, slightly acute to obtuse, rotund to subcordate, very dark green above, pale below, reticulate, coriaceous, to 4" long; petiole pubescent, 1/4"-1/2" long.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Juvenile- slender, climbing by adventitious roots, developing woody texture and more bushy habit in adult state.
  • Landscape:
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Salt