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Eupatorium perfoliatum

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
yoo-puh-TOR-ee-um per-foh-lee-AH-tum
Description

Eupatorium perfoliatum is a large perennial shrub with small white flowers that appear in late summer and fall. The plant grows well in wet areas with a consistent water source. It was often found in 18th century medical herb gardens and was applied as a home remedy for influenza, fevers, and colds. However, modern gardeners are warned that the plant is quite toxic and bitter.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#butterflies#water garden#fall flowers#white flowers#toxic#native perennial#native shrub#wet sites#NC native#summer flowers#native garden#perennials#native wildflower#NC Native Pollinator Plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#white#butterflies#water garden#fall flowers#white flowers#toxic#native perennial#native shrub#wet sites#NC native#summer flowers#native garden#perennials#native wildflower#NC Native Pollinator Plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Eupatorium
    Species:
    perfoliatum
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Dried flowers
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Canada to U.S.A
    Distribution:
    Native to the South Eastern United States
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts butterflies
    Edibility:
    Toxic and bitter
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Dried
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flat-topped cluster of 10-20 small, tubular, white flowers
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Pairs of wrinkled, lance-shaped, finely toothed leaves are joined together at the base.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Rain Garden
    Water Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies