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Euonymus europaeus

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
yoo-ON-ih-mus yoo-ROH-pay-us
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
This plant is an invasive species in North Carolina
Description

This is a tall, upright shrub that has the typical Euonymus characteristics of a tough, long lasting plant, growing rounder and wider as it matures. It can be invasive when not pruned or tended, It has the typical poison characteristic of all Euonymus shrubs when parts are eaten in large quantities. No parts of the shrub should be eaten, including the berries or flowers.  

These shrubs are not known for showy flowers. The flowers are small, half inch in size, and yellowish green in mid-spring.

It tolerates most soil types and should be planted in well drained but moist soil. In the fall, the leaf color can be dull tan to yellow-green to a a burgundy. Its' most showy feature is the brightly colored fall berries. They begin shrouded in pink to red capsules and open to bright orange fleshy seed coverings (arils), which are eaten by some birds. Birds spread the seeds, leading to the shrub's tendency to invasiveness. It can be susceptible to scale.

More information on Euonymus.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Red Cascade
    A shrub with slow growth to 8-13 ft. high and wide, with bright red leaves and orange fruit in autumn.
Tags:
#hardy#sun#deciduous#small tree#poisonous#specimen#shrub#wildlife plant#large spaces#part shade
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Red Cascade
    A shrub with slow growth to 8-13 ft. high and wide, with bright red leaves and orange fruit in autumn.
Tags:
#hardy#sun#deciduous#small tree#poisonous#specimen#shrub#wildlife plant#large spaces#part shade
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Euonymus
    Species:
    europaeus
    Family:
    Celastraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe to Caucasus
    Distribution:
    Widely distributed in Europe and U.S.
    Wildlife Value:
    Some birds eat the berries
    Edibility:
    Not edible by humans
    Dimensions:
    Height: 12 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Poisonous
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The colorful pinkish to red berry emerges from a capsule in the fall. It should not be eaten by humans. It is about one half to three quarters inch across.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Flower Shape:
    Cross
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Light Brown
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Design Feature:
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Problems:
    Invasive Species
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, chills, coma, and convulsions if any parts, including berries, are EATEN IN LARGE QUANTITIES.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Unidentified, possibly a glycoside
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Seeds
    Stems