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Elaeagnus umbellata is often confused with:
Elaeagnus pungens Eleagnus pungens
Native alternative(s) for Elaeagnus umbellata:
Euonymus americanus Euonymus americanus
Myrica cerifera Myrica cerifera
Viburnum acerifolium viburnum acerifolium
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Aesculus californica Aesculus californica
Crataegus nitida Crataegus nitida bark
Chionanthus retusus Chionanthus retusus

Autumn Olive Elaeagnus umbellata

This plant is an invasive species in North Carolina
Description

Eleagnus umbellata is an invasive deciduous shrub or small tree that becomes quite competitive even in poor soils. It can fix nitrogen in its roots.  It has sharp thorns, pale white to yellow heavily fragrant flowers, and vibrant red berries.  Seeds are dispersed by birds.  It threatens native species by out-competing them and interfering with natural nutrient cycling and plant succession.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#red#thorns#white#deciduous#birds#invasive#fragrant flowers#white flowers#weed#red berries#wildlife plant#tree#deciduous shrub#high maintenance#fantz#shrubs
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#red#thorns#white#deciduous#birds#invasive#fragrant flowers#white flowers#weed#red berries#wildlife plant#tree#deciduous shrub#high maintenance#fantz#shrubs
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Elaeagnus
    Species:
    umbellata
    Family:
    Elaeagnaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are enjoyed by birds.
    Edibility:
    The fruit contains high amounts of lycopene.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Gray/Silver
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    The unripe berry is silvery yellow. It ripens to red, dotted with silver or brown and is edible.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    White
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are alternate, dark green (young leaves have silvery scales) with entire but wavy margins.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Problems:
    Invasive Species
    Weedy