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Plants that fill a similar niche:
Dracaena fragrans Leaves
Epipremnum aureum Form
Zamioculcas zamiifolia 'Dowon' Form
Dracaena surculosa has some common insect problems:
Root Mealybugs

Dracena Dracaena surculosa

Previously known as:

  • Dracaena godsefiana
Phonetic Spelling
dra-SEE-nah sur-ku-LO-sa
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Gold dust dracena is a slow-growing evergreen typically grown as a house plant in the Asparagaceae (asparagus) family.  It is native to western tropical Africa and is known for its stunning variegated foliage and tropical look. The genus name Dracaena comes from the Greek word for dragon, and the species name surculosa is Latin for shooting

Thin upright branches, which occasionally hang down, produce leaves that are dark green with spots of cream or yellow. New leaves appear as tightly rolled cones.  It may be propagated using a tip or stem cutting of a few leaves or by division.  

This easy to grow houseplant requires bright but not direct light.  The leaves will brown or drop if the light is too high and they can lose their intense coloring if the light is too low. Keep the soil moist during the regular growing season but overwatering and standing water will cause root rot.  Protect the plant from drafts and keep the humidity high humidity with misting or sitting on a pebble tray with water. Cut back overgrown stems in the winter to rejuvenate growth and to keep the plant at the desired height. Do not plant in a pot that is too large as its roots like to be snug.  

In areas that remain above 50 degrees F in the winter gold dust dracena can be grown outdoors in a container, planted on a patio.  The spots of yellow add brightness and interest to any interiorscape. 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Root mealybugs can stunt growth.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Florida Beauty'
    Densely spotted leaves
  • 'Kellery'
    Thicker leaves
'Florida Beauty', 'Kellery'
Tags:
#evergreen#poisonous#fragrant flowers#houseplant#white flowers#easy to grow#slow growing#shade garden#showy leaves#interiorscape#variegated leaves#glossy leaves#orange fruits#problem for cats#problem for dogs#tropical feel#container plant#easy to grow houseplant#spotted leaves
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Florida Beauty'
    Densely spotted leaves
  • 'Kellery'
    Thicker leaves
'Florida Beauty', 'Kellery'
Tags:
#evergreen#poisonous#fragrant flowers#houseplant#white flowers#easy to grow#slow growing#shade garden#showy leaves#interiorscape#variegated leaves#glossy leaves#orange fruits#problem for cats#problem for dogs#tropical feel#container plant#easy to grow houseplant#spotted leaves
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Dracaena
    Species:
    surculosa
    Family:
    Asparagaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    West Tropical Africa
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 4 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Houseplant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    9a, 10b, 10a, 11b, 11a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Round orange-red berries about 1/2" diameter. Fruits are rare when grown as a house plant.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    2.5-3-inch umble inflorescence with greenish-white tubular flowers, pleasantly fragrant during the night. Flowers have 6 petals that bend backwards, 6 showy anthers and a style that stick out like fireworks from the center of the flowers. Flowers are rare when grown as a house plant.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Green
    Variegated
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Whorled
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    3-inch opposite or whorled leaves are glossy dark green with spots of creamy yellow. New leaves appear as tightly rolled cones
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Wiry upright thin brown stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Patio
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Vomiting (occasionally with blood), depression, anorexia, hypersalivation, dilated pupils (cats)
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Saponins
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems