Plant DetailShow Menu

Dracaena fragrans

Previously known as:

  • Dracaena deremensis
Description

A slow-growing shrub in frost-free tropical climates, the corn plant is typically grown as a houseplant.  It is called a corn plant because of the resemblance of the stem to a corn stalk.  Keep in bright to moderate filtered light indoors. It thrives in lower light level situations:  direct sun can burn the foliage, but if light levels are too low leaves will narrow. Keep the soil moist during the growing season but cut back on the water in the winter. Plant in average bagged potting soil and in a pot with drainage holes. Place a saucer beneath the plant to collect water and then discard any that accumulates. Repot when the plant starts to lift or sends roots out the drainage hole.  Leaves can turn brown at the tips if indoor humidity is too low.  Mist the leaves to prevent this especially in the winter when the heat is on.  Keep the temperature above 50 degrees F if possible.  They thrive in temperatures of 70-80 degrees F. 

It has been shown by NASA to remove indoor air pollutants.  

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: It is susceptible to thrips and mealybugs. It is sensitive to fluorides and built-up salts so if leaves turn brown try watering with non-fluorinated water and flush salts monthly. 

Family name previously Agavaceae.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Indoor shrub with spirally arranged leaves
  • Leaves linear-lanceolate, 1-2" wide
  • Leaves USUALLY have 1-2 central yellow or white stripes

Tropical shrub to 14.5'; trunk typically unbranched.

Cultivars of this species are used to cleanse air or as specimen, filler, screen or hedge; habit of plant is palm-like with age and leaf drop; will survive under low light conditions for 2-3 years. 

Most variable of three commonly cultivated dragon palms due to broader cultivar selection; distinguished from the other two by the medium width leaves, commonly between 1-2.5". 

Prefers medium light, moist soil and medium relative humidity; leaves will brown at tips if air too dry; pest problems.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Bausei'
    Leaves have central white band.
  • 'Compacta'
    Does well indoors
  • 'Janet Craig'
    All-green leaved cultivar.
  • 'Mass Cane'
  • 'Variegated Warneckii'
    Leaves are variegated with yellowish to cream stripes.
  • 'Warneckii'
    Leaves are variegated with 2 white stripes
Tags:
#tropical#fragrant flowers#houseplant#container plant#slow growing#shade tolerant#showy leaves#low light#interiorscape#air pollution tolerant#glossy leaves#striped leaves#exotic looking#fantz#trppical
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Bausei'
    Leaves have central white band.
  • 'Compacta'
    Does well indoors
  • 'Janet Craig'
    All-green leaved cultivar.
  • 'Mass Cane'
  • 'Variegated Warneckii'
    Leaves are variegated with yellowish to cream stripes.
  • 'Warneckii'
    Leaves are variegated with 2 white stripes
Tags:
#tropical#fragrant flowers#houseplant#container plant#slow growing#shade tolerant#showy leaves#low light#interiorscape#air pollution tolerant#glossy leaves#striped leaves#exotic looking#fantz#trppical
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Dracaena
    Species:
    fragrans
    Family:
    Asparagaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Tropical Africa
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    10a, 10b, 11a, 11b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is a small orange-red berry. Rarely blooms or fruits as a house plant.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Flowers appear in panicles 6–60 in. long. Individual flowers are an inch in diameter, with a six-lobed corolla, starting out as pink, opening white with a fine red or purple central line on each of the lobes. The flowers are highly fragrant. Rarely blooms as a house plant.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Variegated
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are glossy green and can be variegated with white or yellow. They grow 2-3 ft long and 2-3 inches wide. Leaves droop as they get longer. Crowded, arranged spirally, sessile, clasping, simple, linear-lanceolate, acute, entire, all green or with medial yellow or white stripe(s).
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Pollution