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Corylus colurna

Phonetic Spelling
kor-EE-lus koh-LUR-nuh
Description

Turkish Hazel is a  large deciduous tree with edible fruits in the beech family.  It is drought tolerant once established and works well in urban spaces makes an excellent lawn shade or street tree.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#large shade tree#shade tree#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#street tree#lawn tree#edible tree#naturalized area#deciduous tree#food source winter#food source fall#urban conditions tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#large shade tree#shade tree#drought tolerant#wildlife plant#street tree#lawn tree#edible tree#naturalized area#deciduous tree#food source winter#food source fall#urban conditions tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Corylus
    Species:
    colurna
    Family:
    Betulaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe to Iran
    Wildlife Value:
    Nuts are enjoyed by small mammals.
    Edibility:
    Nuts can be roasted and eaten but are often left for small mammals.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 40 ft. 0 in. - 80 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Horizontal
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Dry
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Description:
    Edible nuts have spiny hairy husks and appear in clusters of 3-6. Nut litter can be a problem in hardscaped areas.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Early spring male flowers are yellow and though not showy individually clustered together give some interest to the March landscape. Female catkins are insignificant.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Insignificant
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Denticulate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    5" long bright green glossy leaves with hairy veins on the underside. Fall color is unremarkable yellow.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Orange
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Spongy
    Bark Description:
    Gray brown mottled and corky bark has an orange-brown inner bark.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Street Tree
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Urban Conditions
    Problems:
    Messy