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Celtis sinensis

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
SEL-tis sy-NEN-sis
Description

Chinese Hackberry is a rapidly growing deciduous tree in the hemp family.  While it tolerates partial shade it prefers to be grown in full sun in moist, well-drained soil that is high in organic material.  It will self-seed easily or you can propagate it through stem cuttings.  This tough plant tolerates drought, wind, urban conditions, dry, wet, and poor soils.  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Green Cascade'
    Weeping but needs a support structure
'Green Cascade'
Tags:
#deciduous#drought tolerant#wildlife plants#moths#air pollution tolerant#nighttime garden#self-seeding#larval host plant#deciduous tree#urban conditions tolerant#wet soils tolerant#dry soils tolerant#butterfly friendly#moth larvae#pollinator garden#question mark butterfly#hackberry emperor moth
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Green Cascade'
    Weeping but needs a support structure
'Green Cascade'
Tags:
#deciduous#drought tolerant#wildlife plants#moths#air pollution tolerant#nighttime garden#self-seeding#larval host plant#deciduous tree#urban conditions tolerant#wet soils tolerant#dry soils tolerant#butterfly friendly#moth larvae#pollinator garden#question mark butterfly#hackberry emperor moth
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Celtis
    Species:
    sinensis
    Family:
    Cannabaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant supports Hackberry Emperor (Asterocampa celtis) and Question Mark Butterfly (Polygonia interrogationis) larvae. Questionmark butterflies have an interesting life cycles: overwintered adult Question Mark butterflies lay eggs from spring until the end of May. These will appear as summer adults from May-September, laying eggs that then develop into the winter adult form. The winter adults appear in late August and shelter for the winter starting the cycle all over again. Adult Question Mark butterflies feed on rotting fruit, tree sap, dung, and carrion only visiting flowers for feeding when absolutely necessary.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Nighttime Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Moths
    Pollinators