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Chrysanthemum x morifolium

Previously known as:

  • Chrysanthemum morifolium
  • Dendranthema x grandiflorum
Phonetic Spelling
kris-AN-theh-mum BY mor-ih-FOH-lee-um
This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Chrysanthemum x morifolium is an herbacious perennial which adds a pop of color to your garden when the leaves start to fall and the colder days start to come.  Chrysanthemum x morifolium plants will begin to grow in the summer and spring, but it does not flower until the autumn.  The aromatic flowers come in many colors from brownish shades to pastels and vibrant yellows; they can be solid, bi-color, or edged around the petals with another color.  The leaves have a curved edge which add to the attractiveness of this plant.  It can multiply very fast in your garden beds, making it more than just a potted plant for the autumn.  Indeed, you will find this plant next to the scarecrows and calling you to make sure that you add it to your garden.  The explosion of color will bring a freshness as the summer starts to fade and one thinks of hot cocoa and warm winter fires.

Chrysanthemum x morifolium grows best in areas of your garden with full sun and well-drained soil.  To maintain these plants, cut them back three times during the spring and summer– the last cut around August 15– to encourage bushy, compact growth and prevent spring flowering.  They can be divided in the spring to further multiply your plants.  When buying from a store, remember to plant these chrysanthemums in your garden; these plants do not die off at the end of the season and can come back for you to enjoy for years to come.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#gold#red#fall#white#butterflies#pink#sun#yellow#poisonous#houseplant#fall flowers#orange#lavender#bronze#container plant#many colors#colorful#apvg#cpp#well-drained soil#bicolor#grows fast#autumn#perennials#division#beds
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#gold#red#fall#white#butterflies#pink#sun#yellow#poisonous#houseplant#fall flowers#orange#lavender#bronze#container plant#many colors#colorful#apvg#cpp#well-drained soil#bicolor#grows fast#autumn#perennials#division#beds
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Chrysanthemum
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used in Chinese traditional medicine
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Asia
    Edibility:
    The petals and flower buds are used to make a sweet drink in Asia and a wine in Korea.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Flower Petals:
    more than 20 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    A flower head with many peripheral petals of various shapes and colors.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Pinnately lobed and toothed.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Edible Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Rabbits
    Problems:
    Contact Dermatitis
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    Dermatitis caused by irritant oil in leaves. SKIN IRRITATION SEVERE! Redness, scaling, blisters.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Alantolactone, a sesquiterpene lactone
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Leaves