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Chamaecrista fasciculata

Previously known as:

  • Cassia fasciculata
Description

Partridge Pea is a herbaceous annual that may grow 2 to 3 feet tall. The leaves are alternate and pinnately compound (up to 15 pairs of leaflets). Large, yellow flowers first mature in summer and continue into early fall. The herb produces a flat pod, that contains many seeds.

A showy annual with large long-lasting flowers in the pea family.  Because it is a legume it fixes nitrogen and improves the soil.  Small plants are upright while mature plants tend to spread out.  Plant in full sun in moist, well-drained soil.  Deer browse the foliage.  It is resistant to erosion drought and dry soil.  Plant in a meadow or naturalized area, along a slope to help with erosion or in an area where you would like to improve the soil.  Do note that it can be weedy and self-seeds easily.

Fire Risk: This plant has a medium flammability rating. 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious problems.  Leaf spot and mildew occasionally occur.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#showy flowers#birds#wildlife plant#yellow flowers#weedy#nectar plant#cover plant#slopes#host plant#meadow#erosion control#food source#fire#medium flammability#NC native#dry soil tolerant#quail#large flowers#long bloom time#self-seeding#native wildflower#turkey#naturalized area#larval host plant#food source summer#food source fall
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#butterflies#showy flowers#birds#wildlife plant#yellow flowers#weedy#nectar plant#cover plant#slopes#host plant#meadow#erosion control#food source#fire#medium flammability#NC native#dry soil tolerant#quail#large flowers#long bloom time#self-seeding#native wildflower#turkey#naturalized area#larval host plant#food source summer#food source fall
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Chamaecrista
    Species:
    fasciculata
    Family:
    Fabaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central and Eastern U.S.A.
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Flowers are a nectar source for bees and butterflies and seeds are consumed by songbirds, quail and wild turkeys. It is a host plant for the Cloudless Sulphur, Little Yellow and Sleepy Orange butterflies. The plant also provides cover for game birds.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Herb
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Spreading
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Legume
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Flat, narrow 2 1/2" long pods start out green and then turns brown breaking open and dispersing seeeds. Late summer and fall.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Clusters of 2-6, 1-1.5" flowers form in leaf axils with 5 bright yellow rounded petals; reddish-purple spots at the base; 4 of the 10 stamens have yellow anthers and 6 have purple ones.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Oblong
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Pinnately divided into 10-15 pairs of small linear-oblong leaflets which fold together when touched or as it gets dark in the evening.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Erosion
    Problems:
    Weedy