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Toyo-Nichiki Quince Chaenomeles speciosa 'Toyo-Nishiki'

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
kee-no-MAY-leez spee-see-OH-suh
Description

'Toyo-Nishiki' is a deciduous suckering shrub with a rounded spreading form that grows up to 8 feet high and wide. Remove suckers immediately if spreading is not desired. 'Toyo-Nishiki' flowers are a rare combination of red, white and pink flowers, sometimes with all three colors on the same flower.  Cut branches with swollen flower buds may be forced indoors, making a welcomed winter flower arrangement.

Quinces are easy to grow in acidic, average, well-drained garden soils. The preference is for well-drained loams but it is adaptable to a wide range of soil types. Best flowering occurs in full sun but it tolerates some shade. They can tolerate some drought once established.

Plants bloom on old growth so prune sparingly after flowering to remove diseased or broken branches and lightly shape. Over pruning will reduce fruit production for the current year. Be careful of the thorns.

The fruits are bitter to eat fresh but are tasty as a jam. They can be messy to clean up if allowed to fall.

PROBLEMS: Fireblight and scab can be problems in some areas. Aphids can cause significant damage to new growth. Lesser pests include scale and mites. Chlorosis (yellowing of foliage) will occur in high pH soils.

 

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Toyo-Nishiki'
Tags:
#bees#fruit#showy flowers#deciduous#birds#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#specimen#shrub#cut flowers#clay soil#mixed borders#edible fruits#pollinator plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Toyo-Nishiki'
Tags:
#bees#fruit#showy flowers#deciduous#birds#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#specimen#shrub#cut flowers#clay soil#mixed borders#edible fruits#pollinator plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Chaenomeles
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Asia
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds are attracted to the fruit.
    Edibility:
    The fruit is bitter if eaten fresh, but becomes quite tasty after preserving as a jam.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 5 ft. 0 in. - 8 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 5 ft. 0 in. - 8 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit yellowish-green with a reddish blush, fragrant and speckled with small dots. Ripens in early fall.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Head
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    2-inch 5-petaled blooms appear solitary or 2-4 per cluster in white, red and pink on the same plant in early spring before the leaves appear. Blooms March to April.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Up to 3.5 inch long finely-toothed glossy dark green leaves.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Thorny gray-brown stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Problems:
    Messy
    Spines/Thorns