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Plants that fill a similar niche:
Halesia carolina Full Form
Hamamelis virginiana Hamamelis virginiana
Syringa vulgaris Syringa vulgaris 'Congo'
Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy' has some common insect problems:
Japanese Beetle
Caterpillars That Feed on Trees and Shrubs

Cercis canadensis 'Forest Pansy'

Phonetic Spelling
SER-sis kan-ah-DEN-sis
Description

Eastern Redbud is a low maintenance, ornamental flowering deciduous tree in the bean (Fabaceae) family. 'Forest Pansy' is a purple-leaved cultivar that has an attractive red-orange fall color. The cultivar name arises from its attractive pansy-like flowers.  It is often multi-trunked and used as an understory tree.  It can be pruned or trained to be single-trunked.

The showy flowers appear in early spring and make excellent additions to cut arrangements.  Works well planted in groups, near patios or hardscapes, along lawns, in woodland gardens, or behind shrub boarders.  Eastern redbud is native to eastern and central North America. It is often found in woodlands, thickets, and dotted along rocky stream beds.  More information on Cercis canadensis

It grows best in average soil in full sun or part shade.  In areas that experience hot summers, some afternoon shade is appreciated.  Provide regular moisture, but avoid areas where good drainage is not present.  Choosing a permanent location for this tree is crucial, it does not do well when transplanted.

Propagation can be from seed or semi-hardwood cuttings taken in the summer months.

Seasons of Interest:

    Bloom: Spring, March-April  Foliage: Fall

Wildlife Value: Nectar attracts hummingbirds.  This tree is resistant to damage by deer.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Insect pests include Japanese beetles, tree hoppers, leaf hoppers, caterpillars, borers, web worms, and scale. Canker can be a significant disease problem. Verticillium wilt, dieback, leaf spots, mildew, and blights sometimes occur. Regular maintenance through proper watering and fertilization and by pruning out dead branches as needed will mitigate most of these problems.

VIDEO Created by Elizabeth Meyer for "Trees, Shrubs and Conifers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

More information on Cercis canadensis.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscapes:
Backyard Respite Landscape Border Landscape Pinewild County Club, Moore County Hydrangeas in the Garden Woodland Backyard Garden Walk Driveway Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hummingbirds#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#wildlife plant#purple leaves#red leaves#nectar plant#cut flowers#colorful leaves#colorful#low maintenance#fall interest#flowering tree#playground#attracts squirrels#lawn#hardscape#cpp#deer resistant#children's garden#weak wood#edible fruits#cutting garden#pollinator plant#short lifespan#patio planting#clay soils tolerant#bird friendly#butterfly friendly#black walnut toxicity tolerant#woodlands#broadleaf#shrub borders#cutting
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#hummingbirds#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#wildlife plant#purple leaves#red leaves#nectar plant#cut flowers#colorful leaves#colorful#low maintenance#fall interest#flowering tree#playground#attracts squirrels#lawn#hardscape#cpp#deer resistant#children's garden#weak wood#edible fruits#cutting garden#pollinator plant#short lifespan#patio planting#clay soils tolerant#bird friendly#butterfly friendly#black walnut toxicity tolerant#woodlands#broadleaf#shrub borders#cutting
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cercis
    Species:
    canadensis
    Family:
    Fabaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    The bark was boiled and used by Native Americans to treat whooping cough. The bark was also used as an astringent to treat dysentery. The inner bark and roots were used for vomiting, fevers and congestion. The flowers were fried and used as a food source.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern and central North America
    Wildlife Value:
    Butterflies, hummingbirds and other pollinators are attracted to the flower nectar. The seeds are a food source for squirrels, songbirds and quail.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 25 ft. 0 in. - 35 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Vase
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Very Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Legume
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    The fruits are followed by flattened dry bean pods (to 2-4” long) that mature to brown in summer. Each pod has 6-12 seeds. Pods may remain on the tree into winter.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Extremely showy rosy-pink-purple pea-like flowers explode from bare twigs in early spring before the trees leaf out. They bloom in clusters of up to 10 flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Feel:
    Papery
    Waxy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Orbicular
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Shimmering reddish/purple young foliage will fade in the late spring heat. The 2-4" leaves have a somewhat papery texture and a short point at the tip. Veins on the underside of the leaves are a deep maroon and the contrast to the light gray/green leaves is stunning. Leaves turn red to orange in the fall, providing a beautiful show.
  • Bark:
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    The bark is thin and can be damaged easily. They can droop as the tree grows and therefore may require trimming to maintain canopy clearance.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Eastern redbud is often multi-trunked.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Recreational Play Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Flowering Tree
    Shade Tree
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Understory Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Problems:
    Weak Wood