Plant DetailShow Menu

Celastrus scandens

Phonetic Spelling
sel-ASS-trus SKAN-dens
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

A rapidly growing twining vine best known for its bright red berries and yellow leaves in the fall.  Birds are fond of fruits and the fruit is also used for dried arrangements. Can be weedy.  These plants are primarily dioecious (separate male and female plants), although some have a few perfect flowers. Female plants need a male pollinator to produce the attractive fruit that is the signature of this vine. Unfortunately, some nurseries do not sell the vines as male or female (as is commonly done with hollies). Generally one male plant is needed for 6-9 female plants. Native to southeast; tolerant of a variety of soil conditions (except wet soil); not as invasive as C. orbiculatus

 

Poison Delivery Mode:  Ingestion

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Indian Brave'
  • 'Indian Maiden'
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#birds#showy berries#wildlife plant#NC native#native garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Indian Brave'
  • 'Indian Maiden'
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#birds#showy berries#wildlife plant#NC native#native garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Celastrus
    Species:
    scandens
    Family:
    Celastraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central & E. Canada to N. & E. & Central U.S.A
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds, Wildlife
    Climbing Method:
    Twining
    Edibility:
    Poison
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Poisonous
    Vine
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Insignificant
    Orange
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Description:
    fruit dry with a yellow-orange wall, splitting and exposing red seeds
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Orange
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Dried
    Showy
    Flower Description:
    flowers in elongated clusters, Terminal cluster of small, greenish-white flowers on new growth; red seeds inside orange capsules that persist through the winter; flowers on new growth; best fruiting in sun; cut stems, dry well
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Woody vine with alternate, simple, deciduous leaves with smooth margins
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Rock Wall
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    vomiting, diarrhea, loss of consciousness
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Unknown, possibly peptide, glycosides, and alkaloids.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems