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American Bellflower Campanula americana

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
kam-PAN-yoo-luh a-mer-ih-KAY-nah
Description

The Bellflower is an annual/biannual wildflower native to moist open woods, moist meadows, streambanks and ditches in shady areas of eastern North America  It is best grown in rich, moist, well-drained soils in part shade. Plants prefer cool summer climates where they will tolerate more sun, but they prefer part shade (particularly afternoon shade) in hot summer climates. It will readily reseed itself in the garden. Good for naturalized areas.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#purple#summer#blue#biennial#perennial#wildlife plant#wildflowers#shade tolerant#nectar plant#fall interest#specialized bees#NC native#pollinator plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#purple#summer#blue#biennial#perennial#wildlife plant#wildflowers#shade tolerant#nectar plant#fall interest#specialized bees#NC native#pollinator plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Campanula
    Species:
    americana
    Family:
    Campanulaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Biennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    E. Canada to N. Central & E. U.S.A
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , SD , TN , VA , WI , WV Canada: NB
    Wildlife Value:
    Members of the genus Campanula support the following specialized bee: Colletes brevicornis.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 6 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Native Plant
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    The upper portion of the stem is lined with showy, lavender-blue, five-petaled flowers with a white ring at the throat. Radially symmetrical, light blue to violet flowers borne singly or in clusters in axils of upper leaves and forming an elongated, spike-like cluster.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Scattered, lance-shaped to narrowly egg-shaped, toothed leaves; 3-6 in. long; most leaves taper at the base to a short stalk; stem may be hairy
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Rock Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees