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Bougainvillea

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
boo-gun-VEEL-ee-uh
Description

Bougainvilla is a genius of 4- 18 plants that are deciduous or evergreen thorny flowering shrubs or vines in the Four-O'Clock family native to South America. The actual flower is small, tubular and generally white, but each cluster of three is surrounded by three or six paper-like bracts with bright colors including pinks, purple, red, orange, white, or yellow. They are tolerant of drought, heat and salt. The plant is sterile and is propagated from stem cuttings. Blooming is on new growth.

Plant them in the full sun in acidic soils. In cooler climates, they can be used as an annual or a houseplant in containers and hanging baskets. Plant along trellises and fences. They can be trained to grow more shrub-like in containers. Cultivars are available.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Aphids are occasional problems. Thorns are present.

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Bonsai Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
Bougainvillea glabra, Bougainvillea spectabilis
Tags:
#bonsai#apvg#apvg-vg
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Bougainvillea glabra, Bougainvillea spectabilis
Tags:
#bonsai#apvg#apvg-vg
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Bougainvillea
    Family:
    Nyctaginaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South America
    Climbing Method:
    Scrambler
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Vine
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Climbing
    Spreading
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Very Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    24-60 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    9b, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit is a narrow five-lobed achene.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long Bloom Season
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Winter
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    Bracts
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Tiny white tubular flowers in groups of three surrounded by bright colorful bracts. Bloom seasonally
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Thin, simple elliptical to heart-shaped leaves with pointed tips and entire margins
  • Stem:
    Stem Description:
    Thorny scambling green stems. Older ones turn woody.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Container
    Hanging Baskets
    Patio
    Pool/Hardscape
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Security
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Heat
    Salt
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns