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Sweet Birch Betula lenta

Other Common Name(s):

Description

Betula lenta, commonly called Sweet Birch, is a deciduous tree that may grow 60 to 70 feet tall. Its form is pyramidal and dense in youth, and then it has an irregular, rounded habit with age. Although, it can also have a wide-spreading crown. The Sweet Birch tree will thrive in full sun to partial shade and prefers moist, well-drained soil, but does well in dry, sandy, and clay soils.

Seasons of Interest: 

     Leaves:  Fall      Bloom:  Spring      Fruit/Seed/Nut: Summer (Nutlet)

 

 

Cultivars:
Tags:
#native#gold#butterflies#sun#deciduous#fall color#yellow#birds#full sun#partial shade#spring#larval food#moths#clay soil#dry soil#flowering#playground#seeds#host#larval host#sandy soil#fall leaves#low flammability#deer damage#deer resistant#children's garden#fire resistant#catkins#yellow fall color#gold fall color#Dreamy Duskywing butterflies#native trees#Mourning Cloak butterflies
Cultivars:
Tags:
#native#gold#butterflies#sun#deciduous#fall color#yellow#birds#full sun#partial shade#spring#larval food#moths#clay soil#dry soil#flowering#playground#seeds#host#larval host#sandy soil#fall leaves#low flammability#deer damage#deer resistant#children's garden#fire resistant#catkins#yellow fall color#gold fall color#Dreamy Duskywing butterflies#native trees#Mourning Cloak butterflies
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Betula
    Species:
    lenta
    Family:
    Betulaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant is highly resistant to damage from deer. It is a larval host plant for the Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. Many moths also use as a host plant. Its seeds are eaten by birds.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    highly deer resistant; Fire in the landscape.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 60 ft. 0 in. - 70 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 35 ft. 0 in. - 45 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Pyramidal
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    This plants' seed is a nutlet. During summer, 1 to 1.5-inch cones ripen and break apart, exposing the 2 very small, winged nutlets.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    The Sweet Birch has small green flowers that are tinged with red and mature in spring. The flower on the Sweet birch has 3" to 4" male catkins.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves of the Sweet Birch are 2.5" to 6" and are alternate, simple leaves that turn a golden-yellow color in the fall. The leaves have singly toothed margins.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Plate Shape:
    Round
    Bark Description:
    The bark of young trees is smooth, breaking into small chip-like plates as it ages.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    Yes
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Moths
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Dry Soil