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Betula grossa is often confused with:
Betula lenta Sweet birch
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Cladrastis lutea Cladrastis lutea
Acer glabrum Acer glabrum var. diffusum
Cercis canadensis Leaf damage by megachile rotundata (late summer; Moore county)

Betula grossa

Previously known as:

  • Betula carpinifolia
  • Betula solennis
  • Betula ulmifolia
Description

Native of Japan where it is found growing on slopes in woodlands.  Casts light shade on understory plants and has shallow roots, This tree needs consistently moist soil so do not let it get too dry between waterings.  It tolerates a wide range of soil types but prefers sandy loams.  It survives up to zone 7b but does best from 4-6.  It will take 25-50 years to reach its full height.  It can be propagated by sowing seed in the fall or soft stem cutting in the summer.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#fragrant#deciduous#fall color#yellow#shade tree#conical#pyramidal#woodland garden#low maintenance#winter interest#slopes#cottage garden#showy bark#exfoliating#wintergreen
Cultivars:
Tags:
#fragrant#deciduous#fall color#yellow#shade tree#conical#pyramidal#woodland garden#low maintenance#winter interest#slopes#cottage garden#showy bark#exfoliating#wintergreen
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Betula
    Species:
    grossa
    Family:
    Betulaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Japan
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Bronze birch borer that attacks many of the white-barked species.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Columnar
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Insignificant
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Monoecious catkin flowers appear early to mid-spring and are pollinated by wind. Male flowers are yellow female are insignificant.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Deltoid
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Doubly Serrate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    2"- 4" long 1"-2" wide, alternate, simple leaves; bright yellow fall color
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Dark Gray
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Papery
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Young bark is smooth and white and resembles cherry bark with horizontal stripes becoming dark gray to brown or pink with age and exfoliating with thin papery curls. Bark on mature trees gets vertical fissures. bark is aromatic -wintergreen
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    Yes
    Stem Description:
    Aromatic (wintergreen) young stems are yellow-brown aging to gray.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Shade Tree
    Small groups