Plant DetailShow Menu

Betula lenta is often confused with:
Betula grossa Betula grossa close up
Betula nigra Betula nigra
Native alternative(s) for Betula lenta:
Linnaea chinensis Photo of Abelia chinensis
Plants that fill a similar niche:
Acer rubrum Acer rubrum
Hamamelis virginiana Hamamelis virginiana
Amelanchier canadensis Amelanchier canadensis

Betula lenta

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
BET-yoo-luh LEN-ta
Description

Sweet Birch is a deciduous tree that may grow 60 to 70 feet tall. The leaves are alternate with singly toothed margins. The bark of young trees is smooth, breaking into small chip-like plates as it ages. Small, green flowers that are tinged in red mature in spring. During summer, 1- to 1.5-inch cones ripen and break apart, exposing the 2 very small, winged nutlets.

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Seasons of Interest: 

     Leaves:  Fall      Bloom:  Spring      Fruit/Seed/Nut: Summer (Nutlet)

 

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#gold#butterflies#sun#deciduous#fall color#yellow#birds#songbirds#full sun#partial shade#spring#wildlife plant#native tree#moths#colorful leaves#host plant#clay soil#flowering#playground#seeds#host#sandy soil#food source#low flammability#NC native#dry soil tolerant#deer damage#deer resistant#children's garden#native garden#fire resistant#catkins#Dreamy Duskywing butterflies#Mourning Cloak butterflies#larval host plant#food source summer
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#gold#butterflies#sun#deciduous#fall color#yellow#birds#songbirds#full sun#partial shade#spring#wildlife plant#native tree#moths#colorful leaves#host plant#clay soil#flowering#playground#seeds#host#sandy soil#food source#low flammability#NC native#dry soil tolerant#deer damage#deer resistant#children's garden#native garden#fire resistant#catkins#Dreamy Duskywing butterflies#Mourning Cloak butterflies#larval host plant#food source summer
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Betula
    Species:
    lenta
    Family:
    Betulaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It is a larval host plant for the Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. Many moths also use as a host plant. Its seeds are eaten by birds.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Colorful
    Pieces Used in Games
    Wildlife Food Source
    Wind Shimmer
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    highly deer resistant; Fire in the landscape.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 60 ft. 0 in. - 70 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 35 ft. 0 in. - 45 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Pyramidal
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    This plants' seed is a nutlet. During summer, 1 to 1.5-inch cones ripen and break apart, exposing the 2 very small, winged nutlets.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    The Sweet Birch has small green flowers that are tinged with red and mature in early spring. The flower on the Sweet birch has 3" to 4" male catkins.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves of the Sweet Birch are 2.5" to 6" and are alternate, simple leaves that turn a golden-yellow color in the fall. The leaves have singly toothed margins.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Patchy
    Ridges
    Smooth
    Bark Plate Shape:
    Round
    Bark Description:
    The bark of young trees is smooth, breaking into small chip-like plates as it ages.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    Yes
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Recreational Play Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Children's Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Moths
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Dry Soil
    Fire