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Berberis vulgaris

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
BUR-bur-is vul-GAIR-iss
Description

This European barberry has become naturalized in the U.S.A. and has become quite weedy.   The tiny yellow flowers appear in late spring to early summer and have an unpleasant odor.  It has three-parted spines at the base of the leaves.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  It is listed as an invasive plant in several regions of the U.S.A.  It is a host plant for wheat rust.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Plant Walls and Hedges
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#perennial#weedy#deciduous shrub#dye plant#malodorus#spiny#yellow dye
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#perennial#weedy#deciduous shrub#dye plant#malodorus#spiny#yellow dye
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Berberis
    Species:
    vulgaris
    Family:
    Berberaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Flowers are used as a dye.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe to Iran
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are eaten and spread by birds and small mammals.
    Edibility:
    Fruits can be used to make jam.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
    Appendage:
    Spines
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Spring
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Red ellipsoids 1/3" and have 1-3 small black seeds.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Tiny yellow flowers in late spring to early summer with an unpleasant fragrance.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Oval 1"-2" long .5" wide serrate margins, clustered in groups of 2-5
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns
    Weedy