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Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa

Description

Aronia melanocarpa, known as black chokeberry, this deciduous shrub from the Rosaceae family spreads freely and suckers profusely. The top is often rounded and upright; it tends to become leggy with age.  The fruit is edible though very astringent and is produced from 5-6 flowered clusters that bloom in late spring. The leaves turn red in the fall and will drop for winter. It is native to Eastern North America. Can be used as a shrub in borders or in more open wooded gardens. This plant does well in full sun and partial shade and tolerates a wide variety of soil types including wet boggy soils.  

 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No serious problems.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Autumn Magic'
  • 'Black Magic'
  • 'Grandiflora'
Tags:
#white#pink#sun#deciduous#fall color#full sun#partial shade#rain garden#drought tolerant#wine#spring#white flowers#shrub#wildlife plant#pink flowers#red leaves#native shrub#low maintenance#spring flowers#fall interest#showy fruits#hedges#wet sites#NC native#dry soil tolerant#glossy leaves#shrub border#edible fruits#naturalized area#fall food source#red fall color#suckers#edible shrub
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Autumn Magic'
  • 'Black Magic'
  • 'Grandiflora'
Tags:
#white#pink#sun#deciduous#fall color#full sun#partial shade#rain garden#drought tolerant#wine#spring#white flowers#shrub#wildlife plant#pink flowers#red leaves#native shrub#low maintenance#spring flowers#fall interest#showy fruits#hedges#wet sites#NC native#dry soil tolerant#glossy leaves#shrub border#edible fruits#naturalized area#fall food source#red fall color#suckers#edible shrub
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aronia
    Species:
    melanocarpa
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern North America, NC
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits attract birds.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    drought, range of soil conditions from wet to dry
    Edibility:
    Fruits are edible but quite astringent, hence the common names, so make into jams or jellies.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 5 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 5 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Multi-trunked
    Open
    Rounded
    Spreading
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Purple/Lavender
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Shiny showy edible blackish-purple pome (though often refered to as a berry) 1/2" across.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Tiny 0.3-in., off-white to pink 5 petaled flowers in spring in clusters of 5-6.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate, simple elliptic 1"-3", glossy, dark green finely serrate leaves that have a wine-red fall color. Color varies among seedlings.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Riparian
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Rain Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Wet Soil