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White Veined Hardy Dutchman's Pipe Aristolochia fimbriata

Previously known as:

  • Aristolochia bonplandii
  • Aristolochia ciliata
  • Aristolochia ciliosa
  • Aristolochia insignis
  • Howardia fimbriata
Phonetic Spelling
a-ris-toh-LOH-kee-uh fim-bry-AH-tuh
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

White Veined Hardy Dutchman's Pipe is a perennial vine groundcover. The plant is a native of Bolivia, Brazil, and North-East Argentina.

The genus name, Aristolochia, is the combination of two words. The Greek word, aristos, translated means "best." The Greek word, locheia, translated means "childbirth." This references the flower's structure resembling a human fetus. The species name, fimbriata, is Latin and means "fringed." The common name, Dutchman's Pipe, references the shape of the flowers that resemble the Meershaun smoking pipes once used in Europe.

It grows 6-12 inches in height, and the mound spreads about 2-3 feet with tuberous roots. The foliage is heart-shaped and green with silver veining. The flowers resemble a trumpet-shaped clay pipe. They are yellowish-brown to yellowish maroon in color and appear during the summer. The prostrate vine has green, wiry stems. 

The vine prefers morning sun and afternoon shade. It will tolerate full shade and can tolerate full sun with adequate watering. Rich well-drained soil is preferred. It propagates by self-sowing of seeds from the previous season.  It is dormant in winter.

The Pipevine Swallowtail Butterfly uses the plant as a food source.  Their caterpillars will strip the above-ground growth of the plant in mid-summer. The butterfly will return to lay more eggs, and the caterpillars then devour the tuberous roots. 

Caution: The plants of this genus contain a toxin known as aristolochic acid. Ingestion of any part of this plant may cause irreversible kidney failure. The Pipevine Swallowtail Butterfly is immune to this poison in this particular species.

 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#vines#groundcover#perennial vine#food source butterflies
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#vines#groundcover#perennial vine#food source butterflies
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aristolochia
    Species:
    fimbriata
    Family:
    Aristolochiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil South, Paraguay, Uruguay
    Distribution:
    Introduced: Transcaucasus
    Wildlife Value:
    Larval host plant for the Pipevine Swallowtail Butterfly.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 6 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Ground Cover
    Habit/Form:
    Mounding
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Red/Burgundy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Trumpet
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The flower is about 1 inch long, and the trumpet is shaped like a clay pipe. The bloom is yellowish-brown to yellowish-maroon and develops along the stems. They bloom all summer.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Variegated
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Cordate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are green, heart-shaped, and marked with silver veins. The foliage is spaced along a wiry stem.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    The stems are green, wiry, and prostrate.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
    Problem for Children
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    Ingestion of any part of this plant may cause irreversible kidney failure.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Aristolochic acid--lethal toxin
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems